Parkinson’s disease is a type of disease that seriously affects people’s quality of life, also known as shaky paralysis, which occurs with the loss of healthy cells in the brain.

It usually occurs between the ages of 40-70. This disease, which was recorded in the literature in 1817, was named after James Parkinson, who discovered it.

What is Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s is a nervous system disease that starts with a small amount of dopamine production, which is secreted in the human brain and plays an important role for mobility.

This disease occurs gradually and tends to progress rather slowly. For this reason, although it first manifests itself in one hand and with mild symptoms, in time, the inability of ability and the difficulty of control spreads to the whole body.

Although there is no clear cure for Parkinson’s disease, the quality of life of the patient is improved by adding some drugs to the treatment. While different applications such as battery therapy are performed in patients with high tremors, it is of great importance that the doctor and the patient have a clear communication.

This disease, of which genetic predisposition is also among the causes, progresses according to the person and the disease. For this reason, there may be changes in the treatment methods and drugs used.

What are the Causes of Parkinson’s Disease?

Discovered by James Parkinson in 1817, it is not yet known why Parkinson’s disease occurs. While research on it is still ongoing, it is thought that this disease is caused by environmental factors and genetic factors.

With the damage to the cells that secrete dopamine in the brain, the level of dopamine, which controls the movements and the continuity of these movements, also decreases. After this decrease, movements cannot be controlled and tremors begin to occur. And now the person has Parkinson’s disease.

What are the Risk Factors in Parkinson’s Disease?

It is thought that environmental and genetic factors are involved in the formation of Parkinson’s disease. The risk factors for Parkinson’s Disease are listed below for you:

  • advancing age
  • Having a history of Parkinson’s disease in one of the family members
  • rural life
  • The use of well water
  • exposure to pesticides
  • Being male
  • Traumas resulting from blows to the head
  • The use of high iron and manganese
  • Consumption of animal fats
  • The person is obese
  • high stress

What are the Protective Factors in Parkinson’s Disease?

There are some factors that protect from this disease. We have listed them below, but its use is dangerous unless it is under the control of a doctor.

One of them is smoking and alcohol, although it is not recommended. These are known to preserve dopamine cells, but no doctor does or recommends these methods. Other factors are:

  • coffee consumption
  • Caffeine consumption
  • Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • The use of antihypertensive drugs
  • Intense physical activity

When Does Parkinson’s Disease Occur?

Parkinson’s disease, which is more common in men than women, usually occurs between the ages of 40-70. It manifests itself especially after the age of 65. Among humans, one out of every 100 people after the age of 65 has this disease.

Although older ages pose a risk for catching this disease, there are also people who have Parkinson’s disease at an early age. The cause of the disease in these people is genetic factors.

What are the Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease?

  • decrease in facial expressions
  • Defects in the movement system
  • speech disruption
  • Posture disorders that occur in the person
  • Slowing of the person’s movements and trembling
  • Intense pain in the arms and difficulty in moving
  • The most common symptom is tremors in one hand or fingers when the person is resting, and no swaying back and forth while walking in the trembling hand

Parkinson’s disease is a slowly progressive disease. Different symptoms occur in these stages. These stages and their symptoms can be listed as follows:

  1. First Phase; Symptoms occur on one side and mildly. While many deteriorations are noticed by the patients and their relatives, mild tremors occur.
  2. Second Phase; In this stage, while posture and gait are severely affected, the person has a mild disability. Tremors occur on both sides of the body.
  3. Third Phase; In this stage, the person’s balance is disturbed and falls occur. Movements slow.
  4. Fourth Phase; In this phase, the exacerbated symptoms affect the patient seriously and the patient becomes unable to live alone. There is stiffness and slowness in movements and behaviors.
  5. Fifth Phase; In this last stage, the patient has to use a wheelchair and is in need of care.

How is Parkinson’s Disease Diagnosed?

Definitive diagnosis is not made by blood test or brain imaging methods. In order for the doctor to make a diagnosis, the patient’s health history and physical examination are required.

In some cases, the doctor needs a radiological imaging method to make a healthier diagnosis.

How is Parkinson’s disease treated ?

There is no clear treatment method that will completely eliminate Parkinson’s disease. Drug treatments for patients, on the other hand, slow down the course of the disease and increase the quality of life to the highest level. It is aimed that patients are strong enough to continue living on their own.

In the drug treatment applied to the patient in Parkinson’s Disease:

  • The names of the drugs given and how to use them should be known by the patient and their relatives.
  • Medicines should be taken in appropriate doses and at the specified times.
  • The patient should be followed closely and carefully by the doctor.
  • The patient should be followed regularly and the dose and time of the drugs should be regulated.
  • The effects and side effects of drugs should not be overlooked and precautions should be taken according to the situations that these side effects will create.

In some stages of progressive Parkinson’s disease, only oral medications may not be effective. In this case, the surgery should be deducted. However, in patients who are not suitable for surgery, the way the drugs are administered is changed. In this change, a needle is placed under the skin of the patient and drug administration is made continuous by means of a pump.

In another form of drug administration, the drug is administered continuously through a tube extending from the hole in the abdomen to the intestine.

Another method that can be applied in this disease is surgical operation. However, it is not applied to every patient at every stage. Even if it is applied in situations suitable for the patient, the disease does not disappear completely and the patient continues to use the drug.

In the exercise method that the doctor will add to the treatment, it is aimed that the body continues to live a healthier life.

How to Make Life Easier for Parkinson’s Patients?

It should not be forgotten that the movements of people with this disease slow down over time and become uncontrollable. For this reason, it is necessary to avoid all factors that will restrict the patient’s speech and movements

  • Practicing speaking with the patient
  • Using tools such as cutlery that the patient can hold comfortably with trembling hands, and they are not in a structure to break
  • Elimination of items such as carpets, rugs and mats on the floor so that they do not endanger the patient by entangling
  • Removing door sills in the house
  • Preparing areas where the person can sit comfortably
  • Attaching to the bathrooms and toilets in the house from the handles that the person can easily hold and move
  • Small things like using a straw for comfortable consumption while drinking something are big steps to make the patient’s life easier

Surgical Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease

While the treatment of Parkinson’s disease is done with drugs in the early stages, in some stages and some patients need to be treated with surgical intervention. In this intervention, it is aimed that the limitations and symptoms caused by the disease will be mild, if not eliminated, by implanting a brain pacemaker.

In order for the patient to be operated on, a detailed examination is required by the doctor. In some cases, surgical intervention is performed on the patient, while in other cases, this surgical operation is either postponed or canceled.

The Importance of Exercise in Parkinson’s Disease

Exercise is important when the person is healthy. But it becomes more important if the person has a disease. For this reason, it is recommended that every healthy or sick individual should exercise for a certain time daily.

In people with Parkinson’s disease, on the other hand, exercise affects many factors such as walking, balancing, being flexible, ability to grasp objects, and posture. For this reason, at least 2.5 hours of exercise per week slows the course of this disease, while increasing the patient’s quality of life.

Parkinson’s Treatment Prices in Turkey

Turkey has made significant progress in Parkinson’s disease, as in many other areas. Both hospitals and doctors are advancing the treatment process by aiming to increase the quality of life of these patients.

Providing service with fully equipped hospitals and friendly doctors and staff, Turkey welcomes patients with compassion. The most important criterion for foreign patients to choose Turkey is this humane behavior.

Hospitals, where affordable treatment opportunities are created, are preferred by foreign patients. If you also want to choose Turkey for the diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson’s disease, you can contact us for any questions you may have in mind and information on Parkinson’s Treatment Prices in Turkey.

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Our health guide contents have been prepared for informational purposes only and with scientific data on the date of sharing. For all your questions, concerns, diagnosis or treatment about your health, please consult your doctor or health institution.