What is Achalasia, Its Symptoms and Achalasia Treatment in Turkey. As long as people are alive, they will need to eat. This need is fulfilled in the form of oral nutrition. Starting from the mouth and continuing on their way in the form of the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, the foods are excreted through defecation after the necessary vitamins and minerals are taken. After the esophagus, which plays an important role in this system, is somehow affected, achalasia occurs. So what is Achalasia and how to treat it, let’s examine it together.
- What is Achalasia?
- Who Gets Achalasia?
- What Causes Achalasia?
- What Are the Symptoms of Achalasia?
- How Is Achalasia Diagnosed?
- What Are the Types of Achalasia?
- How Is Achalasia Treated?
- What Happens If Achalasia Is Not Treated?
- What Should Achalasia Patients Do in Their Daily Lives?
- Does Achalasia Increase Cancer Risk?
- Achalasia Treatment Prices in Turkey
What is Achalasia?
The clearest and shortest answer to the question of What is Achalasia is the difficulty in swallowing that occurs as a result of the working principle of the esophagus of the person being affected. The esophagus is a tube-shaped path that connects the mouth and stomach. In this way, what we eat goes to our stomach. In the presence of achalasia, the esophagus cannot fulfill its function and cannot send the food towards the stomach.
This disease does not come on suddenly, but gradually. Due to this developing disease, the person becomes unable to swallow food. Unfortunately, there is no clear cure for this disease. In this disease, which does not have a definitive treatment, the symptoms that force the person are tried to be eliminated with a number of treatments.
Who Gets Achalasia?
There is no clear answer to the question of Who Gets Achalasia. This disease, which is seen in every 100,000 people, is rarely encountered. The incidence increases with age. For this reason, every healthy individual is at risk.
What Causes Achalasia?
Achalasia is defined as difficulty in swallowing that occurs in a person’s esophagus. Although there is no clear answer to the question of What Causes Achalasia, it is thought to be hereditary. If a person has achalasia in their family or relatives, the probability of having this disease in that person is also very strong. Another reason for the occurrence of achalasia is the attack of the immune system on its own tissues. Another cause may be cancers in the esophagus. There is no clear cure for achalasia, the cause of which is still being investigated by scientists in Turkey and around the world.
What Are the Symptoms of Achalasia?
Due to the nature of the human body, it tends to show symptoms in all kinds of changes that occur in it. These symptoms can be seen differently in each disease. For this reason, the person should be aware of his own body and immediately understand every change and symptom that occurs.
After the occurrence of this rare disease, which is seen in 1 in 100,000, the body sends some signals to the person. So, what are the Symptoms of Achalasia, we can list it for you as follows:
- Difficulty swallowing any kind of food, whether solid or liquid
- The situation where the food that the person ate comes back to his mouth
- The occurrence of pain and burning sensations in the chest of the person
- Coughing and the urge to cough after eating
- Losing weight without dieting
It can be shown among the symptoms of achalasia
How Is Achalasia Diagnosed?
Among the most frequently asked questions by everyone is How to Diagnose Achalasia. The process of diagnosing this disease begins with the person’s application to a doctor due to swallowing difficulties. The doctor who suspects achalasia may request some tests from the patient. Three different diagnostic methods are used to diagnose achalasia.
The first of these is gastroscopy, which is the most common diagnostic method. With this tool, which has a camera on the tip, the esophagus is examined by entering the mouth. Another diagnostic method is manometry. So it is a kind of pressure measurement. With this method, the pressure in the esophagus is measured and doctors make a diagnosis according to the result. The third diagnostic method is barium graphy. With this method, the diagnosis is made by comparing how much of the barium that the patient has drunk enters the stomach and how much remains in the esophagus. The last and third method, the barium diagnostic method, is a very harmful method to use in pregnant women.
What Are the Types of Achalasia?
The answer to the question What are the Achalasia Types, three types appear.
- Type I called Classic Achalasia
- type II called esophageal compression Achalasia
- Type III called Spastic Achalasia
. The type of achalasia in the treatment method is very important for the course of the treatment.
How Is Achalasia Treated?
There are 4 different treatment methods that answer the question of How to Treat Achalasia. We can list these treatment methods for you as follows:
- Medical Treatment: Generally, in cases where achalasia is seen and progressed mildly, medical treatment method, that is, drug treatment, is applied.
- Botox Injection Treatment: In this treatment method, there is a treatment life of approximately 6-12 months. After this period, the treatment should be repeated. This disease is tried to be treated by injecting botulinum toxin into achalasia.
- Balloon Dilatation Treatment: In this treatment, the channel between the esophagus and stomach is tried to be widened with an endoscopic balloon.
- Surgical Operation Treatment: In this treatment method, it is aimed to eliminate the disease by cutting the parts close to the junction of the stomach and esophagus.
What Happens If Achalasia Is Not Treated?
Achalasia is an important disease that can lead to serious complications if left untreated. It is also seen that this disease, which starts as difficulty in swallowing, occurs by showing symptoms. So what happens if achalasia is not treated, let’s examine it together.
If achalasia is not treated; Aspiration Pneumonia, which is caused by inhaling the food that is returned from the throat by not swallowing, may occur.
Another problem is the formation of a hole in the esophagus. This disease, which occurs as a result of weakening and swelling in the esophagus, can also occur during the treatment of achalasia.
Finally, if achalasia is not treated, it can also trigger cancer in the esophagus.
What Should Achalasia Patients Do in Their Daily Lives?
Achalasia is a long-term disease that cannot be treated clearly with today’s technology. Treatments after the doctor’s diagnosis are carried out to reduce the symptoms and effects of achalasia and to increase the quality of life of the person. It is a very important detail to go to a doctor’s control once or twice a year after the treatments. So, let’s look at what Achalasia Patients Should Do in Their Daily Lives.
- Achalasia patients should stop smoking first if they are using it.
- Consumption of foods and beverages that cause heartburn should not be preferred.
- Chewing the food in the mouth very well while eating can provide ease of swallowing. In addition, consuming plenty of fluids during meals can also provide ease of swallowing.
- Small and frequent meals should be preferred.
- Food should not be eaten after a certain time.
- If the problems occur at night, you may need to keep your pillow high.
Does Achalasia Increase Cancer Risk?
The food that a person with achalasia eats often stays in the esophagus. This causes irritation in the esophagus. At this stage, the question of Does Achalasia Increase Cancer Risk should be asked. As a result of this irritation in the esophagus, inflammation may occur in the area. This is an important cause of cancer. So yes, if left untreated, people with achalasia face a 14 times higher risk of cancer than healthy people.
Achalasia Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey is home to people in the treatment of many diseases that have not been heard by people. The treatment methods applied in this process are combined with the latest technology and are carried out with current and scientific methods. For this reason, especially citizens living abroad prefer Turkey for the treatment of the diseases they experience. There are many other reasons that affect these choices. We can list these reasons as follows:
- The treatments in Turkey are up-to-date and scientific
- The fact that people regain their health in a large proportion of the treatments
- Hospitals are fully equipped with technological devices
- Hospitals are big, spacious and clean
- Doctors are experts in their field
- Nurses are experts in their field
- The fact that the company that brings patients to Turkey is an expert and experienced in its field. In this way, patients can be treated without difficulty
- All staff, including the intermediary company, who take care of patients in Turkey, are friendly and helpful
- Turkey’s natural and historical beauties offer guests the opportunity to travel and vacation
- Obligatory needs such as treatment, accommodation, eating and drinking and vacation in Turkey are affordable, Such reasons can be shown among the reasons for preference
. The vast majority of those who want to be treated in Turkey want to have information about Achalasia Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it is not very healthy to give clear information about the price. Many factors such as achalasia type, stage, duration of treatment are among the factors affecting the price. For this reason, you can contact us for answers to all questions and detailed price information. In addition, if you come to Turkey through us, we can facilitate your visa procedures with the invitation letter we send to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi