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Varicocele Treatment in Turkey 2023

Science and technology appear in every field and we need them in every field. These two are improving day by day. Especially at the last point reached in the field of health, diseases that people adopted as fate years ago and expected the end of can pass after short treatments.

While the research of many diseases in the medical world continues, new discoveries and new treatment methods are found by scientists and offered to people.

In this article that we researched for you, we will talk about varicocele disease, which is the disease that men get, and its treatment processes.

What is Varicocele?

Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 1 Varicocele Embolization 1
Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 12 Varicocele Embolization 1

Varicocele is the name given to the swelling that occurs in one of the testicles of men. These swellings occur with the enlargement and swelling of the veins in that area and are usually not painful. Every cell in the human body has a certain order. Disruption of this order results in some diseases. Varicocele, on the other hand, occurs when the blood in the veins flows in the opposite direction.

The structure of these veins is similar to varicose veins. In some cases, it is not obvious when looking from the outside, but in some people it is obvious. When this disease is investigated, it is generally seen that it occurs during adolescence. This period is the critical period when young people get varicocele disease. Although rare in some cases, it can occur in children younger than 10 years. It is rare for it to occur by showing symptoms after adolescence.

Studies have shown that this disease occurs in the left testis. Although this disease is not painful, it is not recommended to start treatment by doctors. However, if there are symptoms that we will list below, the doctor may consider treatment necessary

  • Pain in the testicles along with swelling
  • If the person’s testicles do not develop, but on the contrary, if there is a situation of shrinkage
  • If there is an increase in temperature in the testicles, a doctor should be consulted and the treatment process should begin. Since this disease will adversely affect sperm production in the person, it can cause infertility in the future. If these causes are treated early, the cure rate is high

What are the Symptoms of Varicocele?

Varicocele is a condition that occurs in the reproductive organs of men. This condition is usually painless and without symptoms. However, in some cases, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Pain in left testicle while standing and feeling of relief when lying down. These pains are usually painful.
  • A visible reduction in the left testicle of the person,
  • If there are symptoms such as affecting the fertility of the person and infertility, it may be necessary to consult a doctor.

What are the Causes and Types of Varicocele?

Although the exact cause of varicocele disease is not known, it is thought to be caused by the rapid growth of the genitals of young people in adolescence.

This disease is examined in three stages according to the person:

  • First Stage Varicocele Symptoms; Swelling in a person’s testicles can only be felt by touch when the person is straining or straining.
  • Second Stage Varicocele Symptoms; The swelling in the person’s testicles can be felt by touching the person without pushing or forcing.
  • Third Stage Varicocele Symptoms; Swelling in the testicles of the person can also be noticed by looking from the outside without the need to touch. This means advanced varicocele.

Stages of Varicocele

Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 3 Definition Of Varicocele
Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 13 Definition Of Varicocele

A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins in the scrotum, the pouch of skin that holds the testicles. Varicoceles are similar to varicose veins in the legs. They are most common in men between the ages of 15 and 25, and they can occur on one or both sides of the scrotum.

There are three stages of varicoceles:

  • Subclinical varicocele: This is the mildest form of varicocele. It cannot be seen or felt, but it can be detected on ultrasound.
  • Grade 1 varicocele: This type of varicocele can be felt by a doctor during a physical exam, but it cannot be seen.
  • Grade 2 varicocele: This type of varicocele can be felt and seen.
  • Grade 3 varicocele: This is the most severe form of varicocele. It is a large, visible varicocele that can cause pain and discomfort.

Varicoceles are caused by a backup of blood in the veins of the scrotum. This can happen for a number of reasons, such as:

  • A defect in the valves of the veins
  • A tumor or other mass that is pressing on the veins
  • A blood clot in the veins

Most varicoceles do not cause any symptoms. However, some men may experience pain, discomfort, or swelling in the scrotum. Varicoceles can also lead to infertility.

Varicoceles are usually diagnosed during a routine physical exam. If your doctor suspects that you have a varicocele, they may order an ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis.

How is Varicocele Diagnosed?

The process begins when the person who thinks that he or she has varicocele is examined by a urologist. The examination is a physical examination, and the doctor performs the examination while the patient is standing since the veins can be seen more clearly when standing.

Both testicles are examined and the doctor makes more detailed examinations by asking the patient to strain movements such as straining or coughing. After the doctor’s examination, an ultrasound image can also be made. As a result of this imaging, the diagnosis is made more clearly. This disease is usually seen in the left testis, but rarely in the right testis. In some cases, it has been observed that diseases or tumors in the kidneys trigger varicocele.

What is Sperm Analysis (Spermiogram) in Varicocele?

Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 5 15239 Varicocele
Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 14 15239 Varicocele

Since this disease causes infertility in people, sperm count is usually checked after diagnosis. Sperm analysis is performed twice at intervals of 1-3 weeks for people diagnosed with the disease.

Healthy people should have at least 15 million sperm per milliliter. If this number is between 5-10 million, extra blood tests are also performed on the patient. If the sperm count of the person is less than 5 million, they are subjected to genetic tests.

What are the Varicocele Treatment Methods?

Varicocele disease usually occurs in young men who have reached puberty. It is very rare that this disease requires treatment, but in some cases, the doctor may consider surgical intervention necessary. This requirement is due to the fact that one of the testicles is noticeably small.

After the treatment, there is an increase in the quality of the person’s sperm and the improvement of infertility.

  • This disease, which is painful when standing in the first place, passes when lying down. In this disease, which is accompanied by pain, the vein is ligated by surgical intervention.
  • As a result of the doctor’s examination; check the sperm quality and count of the adolescent patient. If there is an abnormal condition in the testes of the person as a result of abnormal appearance and tests, vascular tying or vessel occlusion surgery is performed.
  • While the medical term for vascular ligation is surgical ligation, the name of the method of occlusion by entering the vein with a tiny incision is; percutaneous venous embolization.

Can Varicocele Be Treated Without Surgery?

In case of progression of varicocele, the only solution is surgery. However, in cases where surgery is not desired, the person is anesthetized with local anesthesia, and the vein is entered with the angio method and the vein is blocked. The name of this method is Embolization.

How Many Minutes Does Varicocele Surgery Take?

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Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 15 1884335 Varicocele.20220125174126722

Varicocele disease is a type of disease that occurs on one side, usually on the left side. While the treatment of this disease is performed, the operation time takes about 40-45 minutes.

Although it is rare, in some cases bilateral varicocele is seen and in this case, the operation time reaches up to 1-1.5 hours.

Varicocele Surgery in Turkey

Varicoceles are enlarged veins in the scrotum that can cause pain, infertility, and other problems. Varicocele surgery is a common and effective treatment for varicoceles. Turkey is a popular destination for varicocele surgery due to its high-quality healthcare system and affordable prices.

Why Choose Turkey for Varicocele Surgery?

There are several reasons why Turkey is a good choice for varicocele surgery:

  • High-quality healthcare system: Turkey has a modern healthcare system with well-trained and experienced doctors. Turkish hospitals are also equipped with the latest medical technology.
  • Affordable prices: Varicocele surgery is typically much less expensive in Turkey than in other developed countries.
  • Convenient location: Turkey is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, making it easy to reach from most parts of the world.
  • Tourism attractions: Turkey is a popular tourist destination, so you can combine your varicocele surgery with a vacation.

What to Expect During Varicocele Surgery in Turkey

Varicocele surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon will make a small incision in the groin and then use a microscope to identify and ligate the enlarged veins. The surgery usually takes about 1-2 hours.

After surgery, you will likely stay in the hospital for 1-2 days. You may experience some pain and swelling in the scrotum, but this is normal and should subside within a few weeks. Most people are able to return to work or school within 1-2 weeks of surgery.

Success Rates of Varicocele Surgery in Turkey

Varicocele surgery has a high success rate. Most men who have varicocele surgery experience relief from symptoms and an improvement in fertility.

Is Varicocele Genetic?

Varicocele is a condition that affects the veins in the scrotum, causing them to become enlarged and twisted. It is estimated that around 15% of men worldwide have varicocele, making it a relatively common condition.

Is Varicocele Genetic?

Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 9 Istockphoto 162412055 170667A
Varicocele Treatment In Turkey 2023 16 Istockphoto 162412055 170667A

Research suggests that there may be a genetic component to varicocele. Studies have shown that men with a family history of varicocele are more likely to develop the condition themselves. In fact, it is believed that up to 80% of cases may have a genetic basis.

However, it is important to note that genetics alone do not determine whether someone will develop varicocele. Other factors, such as hormonal imbalances and lifestyle choices, can also play a role in its development.

While the exact genes responsible for varicocele have not been identified, researchers believe that multiple genes may be involved. Understanding the genetic basis of varicocele could help in developing better diagnostic tools and treatment options in the future.

In conclusion, while varicocele may have a genetic component, it is not solely determined by genetics. Further research is needed to fully understand the complex interplay between genetics and other factors in the development of varicocele.

Varicocele Operation Name: Varicocelectomy

A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins in the scrotum, the pouch of skin that holds the testicles. It is the most common cause of male infertility. Varicoceles can also cause pain and discomfort.

The operation to repair a varicocele is called a varicocelectomy. It is a safe and effective procedure that can be performed under general or local anesthesia. The surgeon will make a small incision in the groin and then use a microscope to identify and ligate the enlarged veins. The surgery usually takes about 1-2 hours.

There are two main types of varicocelectomy:

  • Open varicocelectomy: This is the traditional type of varicocelectomy. The surgeon makes a larger incision in the groin to access the enlarged veins.
  • Microsurgical varicocelectomy: This is a newer type of varicocelectomy that uses a microscope to allow the surgeon to have a better view of the enlarged veins. This type of surgery is less invasive and has a shorter recovery time than open varicocelectomy.

Which type of varicocelectomy is right for me?

The best type of varicocelectomy for you will depend on your individual case. Your doctor will consider the severity of your varicocele, your individual symptoms and goals, and your overall health when making a recommendation.

Recovery from varicocelectomy

Most men recover from varicocelectomy within a few weeks. You may experience some pain and swelling in the scrotum after surgery, but this is normal. You should be able to return to work or school within 1-2 weeks of surgery.

Risks and complications of varicocelectomy

Varicocelectomy is a safe and effective procedure, but there are some risks and complications associated with any surgery, such as bleeding, infection, and nerve damage. However, these risks are relatively low.

Is There Any Medicine for Varicocele?

Varicocele is a condition characterized by enlarged veins within the scrotum, often causing discomfort and fertility issues. While there is no specific medication to cure varicocele, there are treatment options available to alleviate symptoms and improve fertility.

The most common treatment for varicocele is surgery, known as varicocelectomy. This procedure involves tying off or blocking the affected veins to redirect blood flow and reduce swelling. Varicocelectomy can be performed through various techniques, including open surgery or minimally invasive procedures such as laparoscopy or embolization.

Apart from surgery, lifestyle changes can also help manage varicocele. These include wearing supportive underwear, avoiding prolonged sitting or standing, and engaging in regular exercise to improve blood circulation.

In some cases, medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed to alleviate pain and inflammation associated with varicocele. However, these medications do not treat the underlying cause and are typically used as temporary relief.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable treatment option for varicocele based on individual circumstances.

Bilateral Varicocele Symptoms:

Bilateral varicocele refers to the presence of varicose veins in both testicles. While varicocele is commonly associated with symptoms such as pain, discomfort, and swelling, bilateral varicocele symptoms may vary. 

One of the primary symptoms of bilateral varicocele is testicular pain. This pain may range from a dull ache to sharp, intense pain. It may worsen during physical activity or prolonged standing. Another symptom is testicular swelling, which can cause the testicles to feel heavy and appear enlarged. Additionally, some individuals may experience fertility issues, as bilateral varicocele can affect sperm production and quality.

It is important to note that not all individuals with bilateral varicocele experience symptoms. In fact, many cases are asymptomatic and are only discovered during routine medical examinations. However, if symptoms are present and causing discomfort or affecting fertility, it is recommended to seek medical attention.

Treatment for bilateral varicocele may involve conservative measures such as wearing supportive underwear, avoiding strenuous activities, and using over-the-counter pain medications. In severe cases or when symptoms persist, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove or redirect the affected veins.

In conclusion, bilateral varicocele symptoms can vary from person to person. While some individuals may experience pain, swelling, and fertility issues, others may remain asymptomatic. Seeking medical advice is crucial to determine the appropriate course of action.

Should Varicocele Treatment Be Inpatient?

Varicocele is a condition characterized by the enlargement of veins within the scrotum, causing discomfort and potentially affecting fertility. When it comes to treatment options, one question that often arises is whether varicocele treatment requires an inpatient stay.

The answer to this question depends on the severity of the varicocele and the chosen treatment approach. In most cases, varicocele treatment can be performed on an outpatient basis. Non-surgical options, such as wearing scrotal support or taking pain medication, can be managed at home.

However, in some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary. Surgical treatment options include varicocelectomy, which involves tying off or removing the affected veins. While this procedure is typically performed on an outpatient basis, there are instances where an overnight hospital stay may be required.

Factors such as the patient’s overall health, the complexity of the procedure, and the surgeon’s recommendation will determine whether an inpatient stay is necessary. It is important for individuals with varicocele to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment plan and whether an inpatient stay is required.

Varicocele Management

A varicocele is an enlarged vein in the scrotum. It is the most common cause of male infertility. Varicoceles can also cause pain and discomfort.

There are several ways to manage varicoceles. The best approach for you will depend on the severity of your varicocele and your individual symptoms and goals.


If you have a small, painless varicocele and no fertility problems, your doctor may recommend observation. This means that you will monitor your varicocele for any changes and have regular checkups with your doctor.


There is no medication that can cure a varicocele, but there are medications that can help to relieve pain and swelling. Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, may be helpful. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe prescription pain medication or muscle relaxants.


Varicocelectomy is a surgical procedure to repair a varicocele. It is the most effective treatment for varicoceles. Varicocelectomy is typically performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon will make a small incision in the groin and then use a microscope to identify and ligate the enlarged veins. The surgery usually takes about 1-2 hours.


Embolization is a non-surgical procedure to repair a varicocele. It is typically performed by an interventional radiologist. Embolization involves threading a thin catheter through a blood vessel in the groin and up to the enlarged veins in the scrotum. The radiologist will then inject a material into the veins to block them off. The procedure usually takes about 30-60 minutes.

Microsurgical repair

Microsurgical repair is a type of varicocelectomy that is performed using a microscope. This allows the surgeon to have a better view of the enlarged veins and to minimize the risk of damage to the surrounding nerves and arteries. Microsurgical repair is typically performed on men with large or complex varicoceles.

Which treatment is right for me?

The best way to decide which treatment is right for you is to talk to your doctor. Your doctor will consider the severity of your varicocele, your individual symptoms and goals, and your overall health when making a recommendation.

If you are considering varicocele surgery, be sure to do your research and choose a qualified surgeon.

Varicocele Treatment Prices in Turkey

Along with the treatment of all kinds of diseases, the treatment of varicocele is successfully carried out in Turkey. The tools and treatment methods used in the treatment of this disease are in line with the latest technology.

Foreign citizens living abroad prefer to have the treatment process for this disease in Turkey. It can be shown among the reasons for preference that the hospitals are spacious and at a high level in terms of comfort, the doctors are experts and experienced in their fields by receiving quality training, and the treatment is affordable in Turkey.

If you want to have information about Varicocele disease, ask your questions, and have information about the prices of the treatment process, you can contact us.