Technology is advancing in the field of medicine in the world and science reveals new treatment methods. With these treatment methods, the treatment of many diseases that people accept as fate is realized and fatal diseases are no longer fate.
- What is Thyroid?
- How Does the Thyroid Gland Work?
- What are Thyroid Gland Diseases?
- What are Benign Thyroid Diseases?
- What are Malignant Thyroid Diseases?
- Who Gets Thyroid?
- How Is Thyroid Test Done?
- What is Iodine (Atom) Therapy?
- How Is Thyroid Surgery Performed?
- How Many Hours Does Thyroid Surgery Take?
- Thyroid Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey, which closely follows this technology and science, makes progress in the field of medicine by keeping up with the times, and supports the scientists it has trained in making inventions. Thanks to these supports, Turkish doctors have taken great strides in the prevention and treatment of many diseases.
Today, many diseases are treated. One of these diseases is thyroid disease. Let’s examine together the symptoms, causes and treatment methods of this disease, which seriously affects people’s lives.
What is Thyroid?
The word thyroid is Latin and means shield in that language. It got this name because its shape resembles a shield. The thyroid glands are located in the neck under the Adam’s apple cartilage. Although it is not obvious in women when viewed from the outside, it is evident in men.
These glands, which secrete T3 and T4 hormones, play an important role in maintaining a person’s health. These hormones are produced by the thyroid glands and sent to the bloodstream. Thanks to these hormones, the metabolism of the person works correctly and as it should.
How Does the Thyroid Gland Work?
The healthy functioning of the thyroid glands, which have an important place in the body, is very important for us. We can list the way the thyroid glands work and what they are useful for as follows:
- Commands are sent from the pituitary gland in the brain to the thyroid glands.
- These commands reach the thyroid via the blood route through the TSH hormone.
- The thyroid, which receives the command, begins to secrete the T3 and T4 hormones that the body needs.
- These hormones ensure that the metabolism of the person works properly and supports the immune system.
- These hormones control the heart rate, regulate the body’s heat balance, and turn the food a person eats into energy.
- Thyroid glands support the baby’s brain and intelligence development throughout pregnancy and after the baby is born.
- In adults, the thyroid gland regulates fat, sugar and proteins in the body.
What are Thyroid Gland Diseases?
The hormones secreted by the thyroid glands take a serious role in the body, and if they are unbalanced, some problems may arise.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid glands produce too much hormone, and hypothyroid occurs when the thyroid gland produces less than necessary.
- Heart palpitations occur.
- High blood pressure occurs.
- Sweating occurs.
- A state of irritability occurs in the person.
- The person’s skin becomes warm and moist.
- The person begins to be unable to tolerate the heat.
- Although the person’s diet is normal, they cannot gain weight and lose weight.
- Tremors occur in the hands of the person.
- The person’s hair problems begin to occur. Such as breaking, weakening and shedding.
- Sensitization and thinning of the skin occurs.
- Prolonged diarrhea occurs.
- Enlargement occurs in the eyes of the person.
- The person becomes sensitive to bright lights.
- The person begins to experience sleep problems.
- The person experiences menstrual irregularities. These irregularities are in the form of either no menstruation or excessive vision.
- The person becomes goiter.
In addition to this disease, there is also hypothyroidism and the symptoms are the opposite. Edema, weight gain, amenorrhea, and weakness occur in a person.
What are Benign Thyroid Diseases?
- Goiter; enlargement of the thyroid glands. Some parts of the glands are visible. These growths can be in the form of buds.
- Nodular Goiter; The budded structure of the thyroid glands growing in the form of buds is called nodule. The structure of the thyroid glands in this way changes and is called nodular goiter.
- Single Nodule Goiter; It occurs when the nodules formed in the thyroid glands are single.
- Multinodular Goiter; in this goiter, the nodules are more than one.
- Substernal Goiter; In this goiter form, the thyroid glands grow abnormally into the chest cavity of the person.
- Toxic Goiter or Hyperthyroidism; It is caused by the excessive production of hormones by the thyroid glands.
- Thyroid Inflammatory Diseases (Hashimoto); In the event of this disease, the immune system thinks the inflamed thyroid glands are foreign substances, and therefore, imbalances occur in metabolism.
What are Malignant Thyroid Diseases?
Thyroid cancer, which can be treated, occurs. In some cases, only medication is used, and in some cases, surgical intervention may be required.
Who Gets Thyroid?
- People with thyroid disease in their family or relatives
- People with low iodine in the soils of the place where they live
- Consumption of non-iodized salt
- People who have been exposed to radiation in some way
- People who consume drug groups containing lithium, interferon and amiodarone are more likely to get thyroid disease
How Is Thyroid Test Done?
Early diagnosis is an important detail for every disease group. For this reason, people should have some hormone tests done in order to detect thyroid disease early.
Investigation of nodules in the thyroid gland; It is carried out with the joint work of Endocrinology, Nuclear Medicine, Pathology and Radiology. Nodules are examined by ultrasonographic imaging and it is checked whether they carry any cancer risk.
Nuclear medicine field compares the values of hormones. Radiologists and pathologists, in collaboration with the general surgeon, examine cancer research with biopsy.
What is Iodine (Atom) Therapy?
This treatment, which is applied in case of overworking of the thyroid glands of the person or if the person has had thyroid surgery, is one of the most important and effective applications used in the recovery of the disease. The treatment is done as follows:
- Radioactive iodine is given orally to the person.
- This iodine is digested and absorbed by the intestines and stomach.
- Iodine spreading throughout the body is also absorbed by the thyroid glands and supports the normal functioning of the glands.
How Is Thyroid Surgery Performed?
With the developing technology, thyroid surgeries are either performed by robotic surgery or by making a tiny incision from the neckline. It is of great importance that this surgery is performed by expert and skilled doctors. Because there is a risk of damage to the vocal cords during this surgery.
If the cancerous tissue in the thyroid gland is larger than 1 centimeter, all thyroid glands are removed.
In the type of medullary cancer, the entire thyroid is removed, although the size of the tumor is not important.
In toxic goiter, all glands are removed considering the risk of recurrence of the disease.
How Many Hours Does Thyroid Surgery Take?
This surgery, which is performed under the effect of general anesthesia, takes an average of 1-1.5 hours. However, considering the risks and complications that may occur during the surgery, it would not be correct to give a clear time.
Thyroid Treatment Prices in Turkey
Treatment of thyroid diseases is carried out quickly and comfortably thanks to successful and experienced doctors in Turkey. Hospitals are spacious, comfortable and fully equipped.
The biggest risk in thyroid surgery is to damage the vocal cords while removing the thyroid glands. If your doctor is not experienced and expert, this risk is high. But if you do this treatment with experienced and talented doctors like the doctors in Turkey, the risks will be minimized.
During the treatment of thyroid in Turkey, all the staff in the hospital where you stay are there to make you comfortable. Friendly and helpful staff and doctors are among the reasons why foreign patients prefer them.
Another reason for their preference is that the treatments in Turkey are affordable. These prices vary according to the type and stage of the disease and the treatment methods to be applied. For this reason, you can contact us for all questions and treatment prices
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi