Along with the developing and changing science, technology is also making important progress. These stages, especially in the field of medicine, offer solutions to the treatment of many diseases These solutions aim to radically change human life and cure seemingly impossible diseases.
- What is Corneal Transplantation (Keratoplasty)?
- How is Keratoplasty (Corneal Transplant) Surgery Performed?
- Before compleVision Rate After Cornea Transplantation
- Healing Process After Cornea Transplantation
- Considerations After Cornea Transplantation
- What are the keratoplasty indications?
- What is Penetrating Keratoplasty?
- What is Therapeutic Keratoplasty?
- Cornea Transplant Prices in Turkey
These diseases have a serious negative impact on people’s lives, minimizing their struggle for survival. On the one hand, breakthroughs in the field of medicine are instilling hope in the diseases that patients see as impossible to treat.
One of these treatment methods is corneal transplantation. Although it seems impossible, this transplant successfully performed by Turkish doctors is on the way to become an easier operation with the advancement of science and technology.
In this article we researched for you, we will try to answer what is corneal transplantation, how this surgery is performed, what awaits patients during the recovery process.
What is Corneal Transplantation (Keratoplasty)?
The transparent, veinless and dome-shaped layer in front of the iris layer, that is, the colored part of the eye, is called the cornea. While the person is seeing, the rays first filter through the cornea and reach the retina and the vision process takes place.
The transparency and flawlessness of the cornea is very important for the quality of the visual process. If the cornea loses its transparency due to different reasons, vision becomes unclear and blurring begins.
If the deformations and disorders in the cornea of the person have occurred in some way, the person’s vision can be corrected by corneal transplant surgery. These corneas are taken from people who have died but whose corneas have remained healthy. If details such as the cause of death and health history of the donor are unknown, this tissue is not taken from that person.
Corneal transplants are usually successful. Because the transparent, transparent, avascular and nerveless structure of the cornea facilitates the transplantation process and the body cannot reject this tissue.
How is Keratoplasty (Corneal Transplant) Surgery Performed?
Corneal transplant can be done by more than one method. It can be a full-layer corneal transplant, or it can be performed by transplanting only the upper or only the lower layers.
This operation period takes about 30-40 minutes on average, assuming that no complications have developed or no extra treatment has been applied.
Corneal transplant operations are performed under the influence of either general or local anesthesia. During the operation of the person, the eye and its surroundings are cleaned and disinfected. Then, a clean cloth is covered around the eye and the operation begins.
By marking the center of the cornea to be incision, an incision is made with a vacuum knife called a trephine and the cornea is removed from its place. On the other hand, the healthy cornea, which will be transplanted with the same measurements, is also removed. The healthy cornea is applied to the patient’s eye and sutured in place with various suturing techniques, and the process is completed.
the doctor finishes the operation with an antibiotic drug applied to the eye.
Before compleVision Rate After Cornea Transplantation
The vision rate after corneal transplant surgery varies according to the condition of the cornea before the surgery. While the rate of vision increases in most people after the surgery, this rate does not increase immediately in some patients, and a rate of increase in vision spreads over weeks or months is detected.
Healing Process After Cornea Transplantation
We can list the factors that await them in the recovery process of patients with corneal transplantation as follows:
- Doctors call their patients for control three times a month, on the first day, seventh day and 30th day .
- This period is repeated once a month at the end of a month in certain periods.
- Medications that contain cortisone and antibiotics prescribed by the doctor should be used without delay.
- Problems such as watering and stinging in the eye after the surgery are normal.
- It is very important to pay attention to the eyes of the person and the people around him, not forgetting that he has had surgery.
- Perfect and full vision after surgery may take up to 1 year. During this time, you need to be patient.
- The patient should wear an eye patch while showering or sleeping until the doctor says otherwise.
- Since it may take several months to remove the stitches, the person should use protective glasses with the doctor’s advice.
- After the surgery, the patient may need to use glasses or contact lenses.
- The doctor will determine and tell the patient about situations such as driving a car and returning to his routine business life.
Considerations After Cornea Transplantation
Since it will take a long time to remove the stitches after the corneal transplant and full recovery may take up to 1 year, the patient should take care of himself and his eyes during that process. He should do the checks without interruption and strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations.
If necessary, he should use an eye patch while sleeping and taking a shower. Until the stitches are removed, goggles should be used to protect the eye.
In particular, he should not interrupt the communication with the doctor and immediately inform him of any negative situation that may arise.
What are the keratoplasty indications?
Many eye diseases can be restored with corneal transplantation. Diseases treated with transplantation are as follows:
- The person’s cornea is turned outward and swollen
- Fuchs dystrophy disease
- thinning of the cornea
- Staining (Scar) caused by infection and/or impact on the cornea
- Blurring of the cornea
- swelling of the cornea
- Ulcer formed as a result of infection of the cornea
- Due to the damage caused by the complications from the previous surgery of the person, these diseases can be treated by performing corneal transplants
What is Penetrating Keratoplasty?
The transplantation of the diseased and low vision cornea with the healthy donor cornea in full thickness is called Penetrant, that is, full-thickness Keratoplasty.
This treatment method is applied to treat damaged corneal tissue such as thinning or perforation in the cornea. This application is also made to increase the acuity of vision.
What is Therapeutic Keratoplasty?
In cases where the infection or inflammation in the cornea does not respond to the treatments performed, the transplant performed to remove this diseased tissue from the eye is called Therapeutic Keratoplasty
Cornea Transplant Prices in Turkey
As in many other fields, Turkey also shows superior success in operations such as corneal transplantation, which require serious operations. The investments made in the field of health show their effect and appear as an advanced technological and scientific development.
Many patients consider it more logical to have surgery in Turkey than to have surgery in their own country. For this reason, it makes its choice in this direction.
Turkey’s advanced health field, experienced doctors and superior success rate justify the reasons for its preference. If you also want to have a cornea transplant treatment in Turkey, you can contact us for answers to all the questions you have in mind and detailed price information.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi