Hyperopia is an eye defect commonly known as “nearsightedness”. This condition is caused by a problem with the optical system of the eye and causes the person to be unable to see clearly near. Hypermetropia is an eye defect that can significantly affect the quality of life and can be corrected with the right treatment. In this article we have written for you, we will try to find answers to the questions of What is Hypermetropia and How it Occurs.
- What is Hyperopia?
- Degrees of Hyperopia
- Types of Hyperopia
- Who Has Hyperopia?
- What are the Symptoms of Hyperopia?
- What Causes Hyperopia?
- How Does Hyperopia See?
- How is Hyperopia Diagnosed?
- How is Hyperopia Treated?
- Surgical Methods for Hyperopia Treatment
- Laser Eye Surgery (Refractive Surgery)
- Lens Implantation
- Conductive Keratoplasty (CK)
- Hyperopia Treatment Prices in Turkey
What is Hyperopia?
Hypermetropia is a condition in which the focal point of the eye is formed behind the retina and the eye cannot see the near clearly. This condition occurs as a result of the inability of the cornea and lens parts of the eye to focus the light correctly. People with hyperopia have difficulty focusing near while they can see far better. This causes problems, especially in reading and close-distance work. Hypermetropia is usually a congenital condition and its symptoms become more pronounced with age.
Degrees of Hyperopia
Degrees of hyperopia are classified according to the severity of the refractive error of the eye. These degrees can be explained as follows;
- Mild Hyperopia is a refractive error between +0.25 and +2.00 dioptre. People with this degree usually have difficulty focusing on objects at close range.
- Moderate Hyperopia is a refractive error between +2.25 and +5.00 dioptre. In people with this degree, the problem of focusing on objects at close range becomes more pronounced and the use of glasses or contact lenses may be required.
- High Hyperopia is a refractive error of +5.25 dioptre and above. People with this degree have problems focusing on objects at both near and far distances and the use of glasses or contact lenses is mandatory.
Types of Hyperopia
Hypermetropia is divided into two types according to the way it is formed These are as follows;
Simple Hypermetropia; It is the hypermetropia that occurs due to the congenital shortness of the cornea and lens parts of the eye. This condition usually becomes apparent with age and is corrected with the use of glasses or contact lenses.
Pathological Hypermetropia; It is hypermetropia that occurs as a result of diseases or injuries to the structures of the eye such as cornea, lens or eyeball. This condition usually leads to more serious vision problems and may need to be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or surgical intervention.
Who Has Hyperopia?
Hypermetropia is an eye defect commonly known as “farsightedness, nearsightedness”. Hyperopia can be seen in all age groups, but it is usually congenital and progresses with age. Hypermetropia is more common in children and the elderly.
Hypermetropia in children is a congenital or early-onset condition and usually improves over time. However, if it does not improve, hypermetropia that starts in childhood may continue until adulthood. In the elderly, hypermetropia is more common due to age-related decreases in the flexibility of the crystal, which is the natural lens of the eye, and the weakening of the eye muscles.
Hypermetropia can be seen in both sexes and can be common in families due to genetic factors. Hyperopia can also develop after some diseases and eye surgeries.
What are the Symptoms of Hyperopia?
Symptoms of hyperopia can vary from person to person and can vary in severity from mild to severe. Symptoms of hyperopia can be explained as follows;
- Difficulty focusing on close objects,
- Eye strain and headache when looking at close objects,
- Difficulty focusing on distant objects (in cases of severe hyperopia),
- Watery and burning eyes,
- Redness and irritation of the eyes,
- Double vision or blurred vision,
- Reading with squinting or tilting the head forward,
- Excessive fatigue of the eye muscles due to the eyes constantly trying to adapt,
What Causes Hyperopia?
Hyperopia, as one of the refractive defects of the eye, occurs due to the shape of the eye or the structures inside the eye not working correctly. Hyperopia occurs when the cornea and lens of the eye cannot focus light correctly. In this case, light rays are focused behind the retina and a clear image is not formed.
The main causes of hyperopia can be explained as follows;
- Short anteroposterior diameter of the eye,
- Low curvature of the cornea,
- Age-related decrease in the elasticity of the crystal,
- Genetic factors,
How Does Hyperopia See?
Hyperopia, commonly known as hyperopia, is an eye defect caused by the eye’s inability to focus light accurately. People with hyperopia can see near objects blurry, while distant objects are clearer. This condition occurs because the refractive power of the eye is too low or the eye is too short along the anteroposterior axis.
The vision of individuals with hyperopia is focused behind the retina when the light should fall on the retina. This makes it difficult to see close objects clearly. Individuals with hyperopia often have difficulty with close-range activities such as reading and writing. In addition, they may experience complaints such as headache, eye fatigue, and burning sensation in the eyes as a result of working at close range for a long time.
How is Hyperopia Diagnosed?
Hypermetropia is diagnosed during an eye examination. After listening to the patient’s complaints, the ophthalmologist performs various tests to examine the internal structure and refractive power of the eye. These tests can be explained as follows;
- Visual acuity test,
- Auto refractometer,
How is Hyperopia Treated?
Hypermetropia treatment varies depending on the patient’s age, eye health and degree of hypermetropia. The following methods can be used for the treatment of hyperopia;
- Glasses made with suitable lenses for patients with hyperopia provide comfort in activities performed at close range. Glasses can be used especially in jobs such as reading and writing.
- For patients who do not want to use glasses, contact lenses with appropriate numbers can be preferred. Contact lenses are thin plastic discs that correct the refractive power of the eye and provide a more comfortable vision.
- Hypermetropia can be corrected with laser treatment in suitable patients. Laser treatment changes the shape of the corneal layer of the eye, allowing light to focus accurately. Laser treatment is usually performed in patients older than 18 years and with stable eye numbers.
- In severe cases of hyperopia, special lenses implanted in the eye can be used. These lenses are permanent solutions that correct the refractive power of the eye and provide a clearer vision.
Hyperopia treatment is important to improve the patient’s quality of life and minimize visual problems. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment methods help individuals with hyperopia to lead a more comfortable and healthy life.
Surgical Methods for Hyperopia Treatment
Hyperopia is an eye defect commonly known as nearsightedness and farsightedness. Hyperopia is also called refractive error and the eye’s optical system focuses light in front of the retina. This causes blurred vision of nearby objects. Various surgical methods are available for the treatment of hyperopia. This article provides information about the main surgical methods used for the treatment of hyperopia.
Laser Eye Surgery (Refractive Surgery)
Laser eye surgery is a method widely used in the treatment of hyperopia with successful results. Refractive surgery changes the shape of the cornea, allowing light to focus correctly. Laser eye surgery methods used in the treatment of hyperopia are as follows;
- LASIK (Laser In Situ Keratomileusis). In this method, a thin flap is created in the cornea and a laser is applied to the tissue under the cornea. The flap is then placed back. LASIK is known for its fast healing process and minimal pain.
- PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy). In the PRK method, the top layer of the cornea is removed and the corneal tissue is intervened with a laser. The top layer of the cornea then regenerates naturally. Although PRK has a longer recovery period than LASIK, it may be a more suitable option in some cases.
Lens implantation is another surgical method used in the treatment of hyperopia. In this method, a special lens is implanted into the eye to work together with the natural lens of the eye. Lens implantation is particularly suitable for patients who have a high degree of hyperopia and are not suitable for laser eye surgery. Lens implantation methods include;
- ICL (Implantable Contact Lens). The implantable contact lens is placed inside the eye to work together with the natural lens of the eye. This method offers effective results in the treatment of high hyperopia and astigmatism.
- RLE (Refractive Lens Exchange). In the RLE method, the natural lens of the eye is removed and replaced with an artificial lens. This method is especially used in the treatment of age-related hyperopia and cataracts.
Conductive Keratoplasty (CK)
Conductive keratoplasty is a less invasive method used to treat hyperopia. In this method, the temperature of the corneal tissue is raised using radio frequency energy, and the shape of the cornea is changed. CK is suitable for patients who have a low degree of hyperopia and are not suitable for laser eye surgery.
As a result, various surgical methods are available for the treatment of hyperopia. The most appropriate method is selected according to factors such as the patient’s eye structure, degree of hyperopia, and lifestyle. It is important for patients considering surgical methods for hyperopia treatment to make a detailed evaluation with eye health specialists to determine the most appropriate option.
Hyperopia Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Hyperopia Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi