Heparin is an anticoagulant substance that naturally occurs in the body and prevents blood clotting. First discovered in 1916, heparin is a powerful blood thinner widely used in medical practice. Heparin reduces the risk of some complications related to the circulatory system by preventing blood clotting. n this article we have prepared for you, we have tried to give information about heparin and its functions, application purposes and heparin test.
What Does Heparin Do?
Heparin reduces the risk of some complications related to the circulatory system by preventing blood clotting. By preventing the formation of blood clots, it allows the blood to become more fluid in the vein. In this way, the risk of blood clots causing blockage in the vessels and causing serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism is reduced.
What is heparin used for?
Heparin is usually used in medical applications for the following conditions:
- To reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke,
- For the treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism,
- For surgical operations,
- For blood transfusions and dialysis,
What is a Heparin Test?
A heparin test is a laboratory test that measures the level of heparin in the blood of patients receiving heparin therapy. This test is used to assess the appropriateness of the heparin dose and to monitor the effectiveness of treatment. The heparin level should be within a certain range depending on activity; low heparin levels increase the risk of blood clots, while high heparin levels may increase the risk of bleeding. The heparin test is an important test that should be performed regularly during the treatment process of patients receiving heparin therapy.
Which diseases is heparin used to treat?
Heparin belongs to a group of medicines known as anticoagulants and helps prevent blood clotting. Heparin is especially used in the treatment of the following diseases:
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Pulmonary Embolism
- Heart Attack
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Bypass Surgery and Angioplasty
Heparin Usage and Dosage
Heparin is usually injected into a vein (IV) or under the skin (subcutaneously). The dose of heparin varies depending on the patient’s weight, lifestyle, health status and the disease being treated. Regular blood tests may be required during heparin treatment so that the dose can be assessed for appropriateness and adjustments can be made if necessary. The duration of heparin treatment varies depending on the patient’s condition and the disease being treated.
Heparin Side Effects
Heparin can cause some side effects. The most common heparin side effects are as follows:
- Because heparin prevents blood clotting, there is an increased risk of bleeding. This can occur as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, bruises and excessive menstrual bleeding.
- In some cases, heparin can cause a decrease in platelet count. Platelets are cells that help blood to clot and a low platelet count can further increase the risk of bleeding.
- Heparin can cause allergic reactions in some people. This can occur as itching, rash, difficulty breathing and swelling.
- Heparin use may cause an increase in liver enzymes in some cases. This should be monitored with regular blood tests.
- Long-term use of heparin may cause a decrease in bone density and osteoporosis.
If any side effects are noticed during heparin treatment, a doctor should be consulted. Depending on the severity of the side effects and the general health status of the patient, the doctor may adjust the treatment or recommend an alternative treatment.
Things to know about the use of heparin
Heparin is an anticoagulant medicine that prevents blood clotting and prevents blood clots from forming. Heparin is used to treat and prevent heart attacks, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and other blood clot-related conditions. It is important to be informed about the correct use of this medicine and the points to be considered during heparin treatment.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi