Presbyopia is an eye condition commonly associated with old age and characterized by a reduced ability to see close up. This condition occurs due to the reduced flexibility of the natural lens of the eye with age and usually occurs after the age of 40. Presbyopia is a common problem affecting a large proportion of the world’s population and can significantly affect quality of life. In this article we have written for you, we will try to answer many questions such as what is presbyopia, how this condition occurs, its causes and importance.
- What Is Presbyopia (Near Vision Disorder)?
- How Does Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment) Occur?
- What Causes Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment)?
- What Are The Symptoms Of Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment)?
- How is Presbyopia (Near Vision Disorder) Diagnosed?
- How Is Presbyopia (Near Vision Disorder) Treated?
- How Is Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment) Operated?
- Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment) Treatment Prices in Turkey
What Is Presbyopia (Near Vision Disorder)?
Presbyopia is a condition in which the elasticity of the natural lens of the eye decreases and the ability to focus is weakened, allowing objects at close range to be seen clearly. This condition usually occurs after the age of 40 and worsens with age. Presbyopia makes it difficult to focus on objects at close range, causing difficulties with close-range tasks such as reading, writing and manual tasks.
How Does Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment) Occur?
Presbyopia occurs because the natural lens of the eye becomes less flexible with age. As flexibility decreases, the eye’s lens has difficulty taking the correct shape to focus on objects at close range. This causes objects at close range to form a blurred and unclear image. As presbyopia progresses, more effort may be required to see objects at close range, which can lead to headaches and eye strain.
What Causes Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment)?
Presbyopia is caused by a decrease in the flexibility of the natural lens of the eye with age. This decrease in flexibility occurs because the lens of the eye becomes thicker and less flexible with age and the eye muscles weaken. In addition, genetic factors, lifestyle and environmental factors can also play a role in the development of presbyopia. For example, certain systemic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension, can increase the risk of presbyopia. In addition, activities that cause eye strain, such as intensive close-range tasks and computer use, can also contribute to the development of presbyopia.
What Are The Symptoms Of Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment)?
Symptoms of presbyopia include;
- Inability to see close objects clearly,
- The need to remove close objects,
- Eye strain and headache,
- Difficulty seeing in poor lighting conditions,
- The need to use glasses,
How is Presbyopia (Near Vision Disorder) Diagnosed?
Presbyopia is diagnosed by eye examination. The ophthalmologist evaluates the possibility of presbyopia according to suspicious symptoms and the age of the patient. The diagnosis process proceeds as follows;
The doctor examines the patient’s eyes and vision to learn about eye health and visual disorders.
The ophthalmologist assesses the patient’s near and distance vision by measuring the patient’s eye number. This measurement helps to direct the patient to the use of appropriate glasses or contact lenses.
A visual acuity test is performed to measure the clarity and focusing ability of the patient’s eyes. This test determines how well the patient’s eyes can focus.
The near vision test measures how well the patient can focus on objects at close range. This test is an important criterion for the diagnosis of presbyopia.
Measurement of intraocular pressure is important in detecting other problems related to eye health and presbyopia.
The doctor examines the patient’s eye structure to assess the elasticity of the crystalline lens and the condition of other eye structures.
For the diagnosis of presbyopia, it is important to evaluate the symptoms with eye examination and tests. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are of great importance in terms of improving quality of life and preserving vision.
How Is Presbyopia (Near Vision Disorder) Treated?
Presbyopia treatment aims to improve the patient’s quality of life and can be performed by various methods.
The most commonly used method in the treatment of presbyopia is the use of appropriate glasses or contact lenses. Eyeglass lenses are specially designed to eliminate the patient’s near vision difficulty and are produced according to the prescription. Contact lenses are an alternative option for patients who do not want to wear glasses. While presbyopia is corrected with these methods, other eye conditions (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism) can also be treated.
Multifocal lenses specially designed for presbyopic patients aim to provide clear vision at near and far distances. These lenses, which can be used both in spectacle lenses and contact lenses, allow patients to see more comfortably at different distances.
In the treatment of presbyopia, exercises that strengthen the eye muscles and increase flexibility can be applied. These exercises help the eyes to focus better on near and far distances. However, research on the effectiveness of eye exercises is not yet conclusive.
How Is Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment) Operated?
Presbyopia surgeries can be applied especially for patients who do not want to use glasses or contact lenses. Surgeries are selected according to the patient’s eye structure and needs.
Laser Presbyopia Surgery; Laser presbyopia surgeries (e.g. PresbyLASIK) aim to improve near vision by changing the shape of the cornea layer of the eye. This method can reduce or eliminate the need for patients to wear glasses or contact lenses.
Multifocal Intraocular Lens (IOL) Surgery; In this method, the natural lens of the eye is removed and replaced with a multifocal lens. These lenses provide clear vision at near and far distances and greatly reduce the need for patients to wear glasses or contact lenses. Multifocal IOL surgery is particularly suitable for patients who have undergone cataract surgery.
Accommodative Intraocular Lens (IOL) Surgery; Accommodative IOLs work like the natural lens of the eye, providing clear vision at near and far distances. These lenses are sensitive to the movement of the eye muscles and increase the ability to focus. Accommodative IOL surgery is especially suitable for presbyopic patients who do not want to wear glasses or contact lenses.
Although presbyopia surgeries give successful results, each patient’s condition and needs are different. Therefore, it is important to have a detailed evaluation with an ophthalmologist to determine the most appropriate treatment method.
Presbyopia (Near Vision Impairment) Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and their relatives who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Presbyopia (Near Vision Disorder) Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be correct to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi