Pituitary Tumors The pituitary gland is a gland in the human brain that is as small as a tiny ball and is responsible for all the glands of the person. This gland controls a person’s growth, heart rate, and reproduction. It also gives orders to all glands in the body that secrete hormones.
Today, about 2 out of 10 people have a pituitary gland tumor. Although this tumor is benign, it can remain throughout the person’s life without harming the person. The functioning of the pituitary gland is a very important detail for the body. This operation should continue smoothly. If the pituitary tumor grows, it can be seen that some glands in the body secrete hormones. This can adversely affect a person’s health.
It can usually be treated with surgery, medication, and radiosurgery. As a result of research, this disease, which is seen in both women and men, is seen in people between the ages of 25-45 on average. However, in some cases, it has also been seen at earlier or later ages.
What is the Pituitary Gland?
The pituitary gland is a nut-sized hormone gland located in the head, close to the nasal cavity. This gland is located in a bone structure that protects it. This gland gives orders to other hormone glands in the body and ensures their regular secretion. In other words, all the hormone-secreting glands in the body receive orders from the pituitary gland.
The pituitary glands are divided into three parts as anterior, middle and posterior.
- Only the stimulating hormone called melanocyte-stimulating is produced in the middle pituitary.
- In the anterior pituitary gland, 6 different hormones are ordered:
- Growth hormone
- adrenocorticotropin hormone
- Thyroid stimulating hormone
- Follicular stimulating hormone
- luteinizing hormone
- the hormone prolactin
- Two different hormones are secreted in the posterior pituitary gland. These:
- antidiuretic hormone
What are the Causes of Pituitary Tumor?
Although the exact cause of this disease is not known, there are some risk factors. We can list them for you as follows:
- Patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 1 (MEN-1)
- Patients with McCune-Albright syndrome
- Carney complex patients
- People with a family or relative history of pituitary gland tumors
What are the Symptoms of Pituitary Tumor?
The human body is like a clock. At the slightest disruption, the body sends certain signals. People with pituitary tumors may also experience symptoms under two headings. The first of these is the symptoms that occur with the presence of the tumor. We can list them as follows:
- fatigue symptom
- Visual disturbances
- Decreased vision quality
- Difficulty moving the eye
- double vision
- Symptoms such as drooping of the eyelid may occur
Another list of symptoms is the symptoms that occur due to the hormones secreted by the tumor. Symptoms may vary depending on the gland that the tumor affects. We can list them for you as follows:
- Changes in the shape of the body and some functional disorders
- Enlargement, tenderness and secretion of milk in the breasts of women
- Loss of sexual power in men, infertility, gynecomastia
- Excessive elongation in the person’s height
- Symptoms such as excessive weight gain and excessive hair growth occur
What are the Types of Pituitary Tumors?
There are three most common types of pituitary gland tumors. Although these are different in themselves, the diagnosis and treatment processes are completely different from each other. If we list these three diseases for you:
Prolactinoma; It is a pituitary gland tumor of prolactin-producing cells. With the formation of this disease, enlargement, sensitization and milk secretion occur in the breasts of the person. In addition, as women’s menstrual irregularities occur, the probability of getting pregnant becomes more difficult. Likewise, if men have this disease, enlargement of their breasts, ie gynecomastia, occurs. It also causes infertility and sexual weakness.
Acromegaly; This disease is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone. If the tumor occurs before the growth cartilage of the person is closed, giantness occurs in the person.
Finally, Cushing’s Disease; In this disease, the person is overweight. Acne and skin infections occur. Hair growth occurs, oil collection may occur on the neck.
How is Pituitary Tumor Diagnosed?
In line with certain complaints of the person, the amount of hormone in the blood is measured. If the doctor suspects a pituitary gland tumor in the face of the results, MRI and computed tomography can be taken. After these shots, if the tumor is found, the person is allowed to meet with the neurosurgery field.
How Is Pituitary Tumor Treated?
Pituitary tumor is usually shown among benign tumors, but if it grows and threatens other glands, treatment may be required.
First of all, the size of the tumor and whether it harms the person is checked. The course of the tumor, which is followed up at regular intervals, is carefully examined.
In some cases, if this tumor begins to harm the patient, it must be surgically removed. It is treated in two ways, by entering through the nose, with the closed surgery method or with the open neurosurgery method. After these surgeries, the tumor is removed.
Another treatment method is radiotherapy. At this stage, this method is applied after surgical intervention or patients who are not deemed suitable for surgery are treated with this method.
Finally, drug treatment is applied according to the tumor and the patient.
Pituitary Tumor Treatment Prices in Turkey
Along with the developments in every field, serious developments are being recorded in the field of health in Turkey These developments are a beacon of hope for serious diseases that befall people. Turkey, which closely follows the developing technology, is preferred by foreign citizens in the treatment of some diseases.
We can explain the reasons for preference as follows:
- Turkey’s following the developing and changing technology
- Finding new treatment methods
- Doctors are experienced in their field
- Hospitals are large and fully equipped
- All personnel, including the intermediary firm personnel who take care of the patients, are friendly and hospitable
- Having the opportunity to vacation in Turkey after the treatment
- Reasons such as the fact that the treatments performed in Turkey, needs such as eating, drinking and sheltering are at an affordable price can be given
In addition, if you come to Turkey through us, we speed up the visa procedures with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate. You can contact us for all your questions about Pituitary Tumor and for detailed price information of the treatment process.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi