Testicular cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the testicles, the male reproductive organs, and can spread rapidly. It is more common in young and middle-aged men and can be treated if diagnosed early. In this article we have written for you, general information about testicular cancer, its causes and symptoms will be discussed.
- What is Testicular Cancer?
- What Are The Causes of Testicular Cancer?
- What Symptoms Are Observed in Testicular Cancer?
- What are the Types of Testicular Cancer?
- What Are The Stages of Testicular Cancer?
- How Is Testicular Cancer Diagnosed?
- What Are The Treatment Methods in Testicular Cancer?
- Testicular Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey
What is Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that occurs as a result of uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the testicles. The testicles are important organs for the production of sperm and the secretion of the male hormone testosterone. Testicular cancer usually starts in one testicle and can spread to the other testicle or to other parts of the body. There are two main types, seminoma and non-seminoma. With early diagnosis and treatment, testicular cancer has a high chance of recovery.
What Are The Causes of Testicular Cancer?
While the exact causes of testicular cancer are not yet known, they have been associated with some risk factors. These include:
- Family history,
- Genetic factors,
What Symptoms Are Observed in Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer symptoms may include:
- Pain, discomfort or heaviness in the testicles,
- Swelling or enlargement of the testicles,
- Back pain, especially in advanced stages,
- Enlargement or tenderness in breast tissue (gynecomastia),
- Bloating or blistering in the abdomen (ascites),
- Weight loss and fatigue,
Since testicular cancer symptoms may be associated with other diseases, it is important to consult a specialist if any of these symptoms are encountered. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to the successful management of testicular cancer.
What are the Types of Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in men’s reproductive organs. Testicular cancer is a curable disease when detected early. Testicular cancer types are classified according to their cell structure and the cells from which the cancer originates. Types of testicular cancer are as follows;
Germ Cell Tumors; Germ cell tumors, which make up about 95% of testicular cancer cases, originate from sperm-producing cells in the testicles. These types of cancers are divided into two main groups:
Stroma Cell Tumors; Stromal cell tumors, which make up about 5% of testicular cancer cases, originate from hormone-producing cells in the testicles. These types of cancers are divided into two main groups:
What Are The Stages of Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer stages are used to determine the size of the cancer, its spread, and treatment options. Testicular cancer stages are:
Stage 0; At this stage, cancer cells are limited only to cells found in the testicles and have not yet become invasive. Stage 0 testicular cancer is a type of cancer that is usually found incidentally and is easy to treat.
Stage 1; At this stage, cancer cells have spread to the tissues inside the testicles, but have not yet spread to the lymph nodes or other organs. Stage 1 testicular cancer can usually be successfully treated with surgery and radiotherapy.
Stage 2; At this stage, cancer cells have spread outside the testicles and have reached nearby lymph nodes. Stage 2 testicular cancer can be treated with treatment options such as surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Stage 3; At this stage, cancer cells have spread to areas far from the testicles, lymph nodes, and other organs. Stage 3 testicular cancer is treated with aggressive treatment methods such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery.
Testicular cancer is a highly treatable type of cancer with early diagnosis and correct treatment methods. Knowing the signs and risk factors of cancer plays an important role in the early detection and treatment process.
How Is Testicular Cancer Diagnosed?
A series of tests and evaluations are performed to diagnose testicular cancer. The answer to the question of how to diagnose testicular cancer can be answered as follows;
- In case of suspected testicular cancer, the first step is for the doctor to examine the patient in detail. The doctor will check for swelling, stiffness, pain or tenderness in the testicles.
- If any abnormalities are detected in the testicles, the doctor may order a testicular ultrasound. Ultrasound is an imaging method that shows the internal structure of the testicles and the presence of the tumor.
- Blood tests for the diagnosis of testicular cancer measure the level of certain substances called tumor markers. These substances are alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). The levels of these substances can provide information about the presence and stage of cancer.
- The most accurate method for the diagnosis of testicular cancer is to take the suspicious tissue and examine it under a microscope. A biopsy can be done by surgically removing all or part of the testicle.
- After the diagnosis of testicular cancer is made, the extent and stage of the disease are determined. For this purpose, imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) can be used.
What Are The Treatment Methods in Testicular Cancer?
Treatment for testicular cancer varies depending on the stage of the disease, the type of tumor, and the patient’s general health. The main methods used in the treatment of testicular cancer are as follows;
- Surgical treatment,
- Radiotherapy Treatment,
- Chemotherapy Treatment,
- Follow-up and Support,
Testicular Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has succeeded in making its name known to the world with its investments and Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and their relatives who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Testicular Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be correct to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi