Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that is considered a serious health problem all over the world. This situation, which occurs when the body reacts uncontrollably as a result of various infections, can lead to organ failure and death if not intervened in a timely manner. Sepsis is also known as blood poisoning and can affect any age group. In this article we have written for you, general information about sepsis, types and symptoms of sepsis will be discussed.
What Is Sepsis?
Sepsis is the manifestation of the body’s systemic inflammatory response, especially as a result of bacterial, viral or fungal infections. As the immune system takes action to fight the infection, it sometimes overreacts and starts the process of inflammation and damage to organs in the body. This condition can progress quickly and lead to a life-threatening condition called septic shock.
What Are the Sepsis Types?
Sepsis types can be classified according to the severity of the disease and the organs it affects. There are basically three types of sepsis;
Simple sepsis; It is a mild sepsis without organ failure with symptoms such as inflammation and fever caused by the infection.
Severe sepsis; It is a severe form of sepsis characterized by the spread of infection and the onset of organ failure. At this stage, the vital functions of patients may be compromised.
Septic shock; It is the most serious and life-threatening form of sepsis. Patients’ chances of survival are reduced due to organ failure and low blood pressure.
What Are the Symptoms of Sepsis?
Symptoms of sepsis can vary depending on the severity of the infection and the organs it affects. However, some basic symptoms that should be known for the early diagnosis of sepsis are as follows;
- High fever or low body temperature,
- Rapid heartbeat and breathing,
- Dizziness and confusion,
- Pallor or bruising of the skin,
- Severe muscle aches and weakness,
- Decreased amount of urine,
- Nausea and vomiting,
When signs of sepsis are observed, medical attention should be sought without delay and appropriate treatment should be initiated. Early diagnosis and treatment significantly increases the chances of survival in cases of sepsis.
What Are The Causes of Sepsis?
Sepsis is a serious and life-threatening condition caused by infection that begins and spreads anywhere in the body. Sepsis occurs as a result of the body’s overreaction to infection and can negatively affect vital functions by damaging organs. The causes of sepsis are;
- Bacterial infections,
- Viral infections,
- Fungal infections,
- Wound and surgical complications,
- Medical devices and catheters,
How Sepsis Develops?
Sepsis develops as a result of an infection that starts and spreads throughout the body. If the infection is not controlled by the immune system, the body may overreact and develop sepsis. The following stages are followed in the development of sepsis;
The infection starts anywhere on the body and shows local manifestations (eg, redness and swelling in the wound).
The infection spreads throughout the body, producing systemic symptoms (eg, fever, chills, and malaise).
Due to the body’s overreaction to infection, a serious condition develops that damages organs and affects vital functions.
As sepsis progresses, more serious symptoms appear, such as organ failure and low blood pressure.
As a result of infection and sepsis, shock develops in the body and a life-threatening situation occurs.
Who Gets Sepsis?
Sepsis can occur in any age group and in anyone. However, some people have a higher risk of sepsis. Risk factors are:
- Children and the elderly are at higher risk of sepsis because their immune systems are weaker.
- People who use diseases such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, and immunosuppressive drugs have an increased risk of sepsis.
- People with chronic diseases such as diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, and heart disease have a higher risk of sepsis.
- Newborns and pregnant women are at risk for sepsis, as they have a higher risk of contracting an infection.
- People who use surgical procedures and medical devices are at risk of contracting infections and developing sepsis.
How Is Sepsis Diagnosed?
Sepsis can lead to serious health problems and even death, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems and the elderly. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are vital. The diagnosis of sepsis can be made by the following methods;
To diagnose sepsis, doctors evaluate the patient’s symptoms and clinical signs. Symptoms of sepsis include:
- Fever or low body temperature,
- Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia),
- Rapid breathing (tachypnea),
- Low blood pressure (hypotension),
- Weakness and fatigue
- Confusion or changes in consciousness,
- Pale or mottled appearance of the skin,
Blood tests are usually done to diagnose sepsis. These tests may include;
- Complete blood count,
- Blood culture,
- C-reactive protein (CRP),
- Lactate level,
- Procalcitonin level,
To determine the source and spread of the infection, doctors may use imaging tests such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or ultrasound.
To evaluate organ damage caused by sepsis, doctors may order additional tests such as urine tests, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, and heart and lung function tests.
What Is Done In The Treatment Of Sepsis?
Treatment for sepsis varies depending on the patient’s condition and the severity of the infection. Early and appropriate treatment helps prevent complications from sepsis. The following methods are used in the treatment of sepsis;
- Fluid Therapy,
- Oxygen Therapy,
- Organ Support,
- Surgical Intervention,
- Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
Sepsis Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has succeeded in making its name known to the world with its investments and Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and their relatives who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Sepsis Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be correct to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi