Coronary heart disease is one of the leading cardiovascular diseases, which is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and significantly affects the quality of life. The basis of these diseases is the inability of the heart to receive sufficient oxygen and nutrients as a result of the narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels supplying the heart. In this article we have written for you, we will try to give information about the definition, causes, and symptoms of coronary artery disease.
- What Is Coronary Artery Disease?
- What Causes Coronary Artery Disease?
- What Are The Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease?
- How Is Coronary Artery Disease Treated?
- Who Is More Likely To Get Coronary Heart Disease?
- Non-modifiable Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease
- Modifiable Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease
- How to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease?
- Coronary Artery Disease Treatment Prices in Turkey
What Is Coronary Artery Disease?
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition in which the heart’s blood supply cannot be met as a result of narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries that feed the heart. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. Plaques formed by the accumulation of fat, cholesterol and other substances on the inner surface of these vessels cause hardening and narrowing of the artery walls. This leads to the heart muscle not receiving enough oxygen and nutrients and, as a result, to the development of heart disease.
What Causes Coronary Artery Disease?
The main cause of coronary artery disease is plaque formation on the inner surface of the arteries. There are many risk factors that trigger this plaque formation and play a role in the development of the disease. These risk factors can be listed as follows;
- Genetic factors,
- Cigarette smoking,
- High blood pressure,
- High cholesterol,
- Physical inactivity,
What Are The Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease?
Symptoms of coronary artery disease may vary depending on the severity of the disease and the characteristics of the coronary artery it affects. The most common symptoms are;
- Chest pain (angina) is the pain and discomfort that occurs as a result of the heart not getting enough oxygen. It is usually felt in the center or left side of the chest and occurs after stress or physical activity.
- Shortness of breath, Difficulty breathing caused by the heart not pumping enough blood.
- Fatigue is a feeling of weakness and fatigue that occurs as a result of the body’s energy needs not being met due to insufficient work of the heart.
- Dizziness and fainting, dizziness and fainting conditions occur as a result of insufficient blood supply to the brain due to insufficient blood pumping of the heart.
If you are experiencing symptoms of coronary artery disease, it is important to consult a cardiologist immediately and undergo the necessary examinations. Early diagnosis and treatment will help prevent the progression of the disease and improve quality of life.
How Is Coronary Artery Disease Treated?
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a heart disease that occurs as a result of narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries that supply oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. The treatment of CAD varies according to the severity of the disease, the patient’s general health status and lifestyle. The main treatment methods are as follows;
Drug Therapy; Drugs used in the treatment of CAD regulate blood flow by reducing the tendency of blood to clot and help dilate coronary arteries. The main drugs used in drug treatment are:
- Calcium channel blockers
- Antiplatelet drugs
Angioplasty and Stent Application; It is a procedure performed to open the narrowings in the coronary arteries. During angioplasty, a balloon catheter is inserted into the narrowed artery and the balloon is inflated to expand the artery. Then, a special tube called a stent is used to keep the artery open.
Bypass Surgery; In advanced stages of CAD, it may be necessary to bypass by connecting the heart vessels with another vessel (usually taken from the leg veins) to overcome the obstruction of the coronary arteries. This procedure improves blood flow by creating a new pathway that supplies oxygen and nutrients to the heart.
Who Is More Likely To Get Coronary Heart Disease?
Coronary heart disease is a common disease worldwide and everyone is at risk. However, some factors increase the risk of CAD. CAD is more common in the following people;
- Men aged 45 and over,
- Women aged 55 and over,
- Those with a family history of CAD,
- Diabetes patients,
- Those with high blood pressure,
- Those with high cholesterol levels,
- Those who are obese or overweight,
- Those who experience a lack of physical activity,
- Those who have difficulty coping with stress and anxiety,
Non-modifiable Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease
Some risk factors for coronary heart disease are modifiable factors related to lifestyle and habits. However, some risk factors cannot be changed because they are genetic and age-related. Risk factors that cannot be changed are as follows;
Age: The risk of CAD increases with age. The risk becomes more apparent after the age of 45 in men and after the age of 55 in women.
Gender: Men face CAD risk at an earlier age than women. Women’s risk of CAD also increases after menopause.
Genetics and Family History: People with a family history of CAD are at higher risk due to genetic factors. If CAD is seen at an early age in the family, the risk increases even more.
Race: Some ethnic origins are groups with a higher risk of CAD. For example, African Americans and South Asians may be at higher risk for CAD.
Modifiable Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart diseases (CHD) account for a significant proportion of mortality and morbidity worldwide. For the prevention and treatment of these diseases, it is of great importance to identify risk factors and to work on these factors. In CHD, some risk factors can be modified, while others cannot. It is possible to reduce the risk of CHD by controlling modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors in CHD can be explained as follows;
Smoking: Smoking is one of the most important modifiable risk factors that significantly increase the risk of CHD. Quitting smoking is one of the most important steps to be taken for heart health.
Cholesterol: High cholesterol levels are an important factor that increases the risk of CHD. In order to reduce cholesterol levels, it is necessary to make changes in eating habits and use medications recommended by the doctor.
Hypertension: High blood pressure is an important factor that increases the risk of CHD. Regularly controlling blood pressure and applying the treatment methods recommended by the doctor will be effective in reducing the risk of CHD.
Lack of physical activity: Regular exercise is very important for heart health. Doing moderate aerobic exercise for at least 150 minutes a week will help reduce the risk of CHD.
Obesity: Individuals with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and above are at higher risk for CHD. Losing weight and achieving a healthy BMI is an important step in reducing the risk of CHD.
Diabetes: Diabetes is a factor that significantly increases the risk of CHD. Regularly checking blood glucose levels and following the treatment methods recommended by the doctor will be effective in reducing the risk of CHD.
Stress: Chronic stress is a factor that increases the risk of CHD. Learning and applying stress-coping methods can help reduce the risk of CHD.
How to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease?
You can take the following measures to prevent coronary heart disease:
Smoking significantly increases the risk of CHD. You can protect your heart health by quitting smoking.
Adopt healthy eating habits to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of CHD. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
You can reduce the risk of CHD by doing moderate aerobic exercise for at least 150 minutes a week.
Obesity is an important factor that increases the risk of CHD. You can reduce the risk of CHD by losing weight and reaching a healthy BMI.
High blood pressure is an important factor that increases the risk of CHD. Regularly controlling blood pressure and applying the treatment methods recommended by the doctor will be effective in reducing the risk of CHD.
Diabetes is a factor that significantly increases the risk of CHD. Regularly checking blood glucose levels and following the treatment methods recommended by the doctor will be effective in reducing the risk of CHD.
Chronic stress is a factor that increases the risk of CHD. Learning and applying stress-coping methods can help reduce the risk of CHD.
Have regular health checks to identify and manage CHD risk factors. You can reduce the risk of CHD by following your doctor’s recommendations.
Coronary Artery Disease Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Coronary Artery Disease Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage.Türkiye’de Klinefelter Sendromu Tedavi Fiyatları Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi
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