Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men and is the second leading cause of cancer death in men worldwide. The prostate is a gland that is an important part of the male reproductive system and is located just below the bladder. This type of cancer is caused by abnormal growth and uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the prostate gland. With early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, prostate cancer can be successfully managed and treated. In this article we have written for you, we will discuss the basic information and symptoms that should be known about prostate cancer.
What Is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that can start in the prostate gland and spread to other organs. It is usually a slowly progressing type of cancer, but in some cases it can grow and spread aggressively. Prostate cancer is more common in men aged 50 and over, and the risk increases with age. It may not cause symptoms in the early stages and can usually be detected during routine checks.
What Are The Causes of Prostate Cancer?
Although the exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, it has been associated with some risk factors. These factors include age, genetic factors, family history, ethnicity, hormones and lifestyle. In addition, factors such as eating habits, obesity and smoking may also increase the risk of prostate cancer. However, although every man has a risk of developing prostate cancer, the presence of these risk factors may increase the risk even more.
What Are The Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer may not give symptoms in the early stages, but some symptoms may be seen in the later stages. These symptoms are as follows;
- Difficulty urinating, intermittent urine flow or inability to urinate,
- Frequent need to urinate, especially at night,
- Pain or burning sensation when urinating,
- Blood in the urine or semen,
- Erection problems,
- Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area,
These symptoms may indicate other health problems other than prostate cancer, so it is important that men who experience these symptoms should consult a specialist. With early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, prostate cancer can be successfully treated and quality of life can be maintained.
What Are The Stages of Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system and is located around the urinary tract. Prostate cancer stages help determine how common the cancer is and treatment options. Prostate cancer stages are as follows;
Stage 1; At this stage, cancer is found in only a small part of the prostate gland and is usually low grade. Cancer cells grow slowly and do not cause obvious symptoms. Stage 1 prostate cancer is usually found incidentally during another test.
Stage 2: At this stage, the cancer has spread further in the prostate gland, but has not yet grown beyond the prostate. Stage 2 prostate cancer can be moderate or high grade. Cancer cells at this stage can grow faster and be more aggressive.
Stage 3; At this stage, the cancer has spread outside the prostate and has reached nearby tissues or lymph nodes. Stage 3 prostate cancer may need more aggressive treatments and carries a higher risk of recurrence.
Stage 4; At this stage, the cancer has spread outside the prostate and metastasis to more distant organs or bones. Stage 4 prostate cancer is the most advanced stage and may be more difficult to treat. Cancer cells at this stage grow faster and need more aggressive treatments.
How Is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?
Prostate cancer is usually diagnosed with a series of tests and examinations. These tests may include;
- Digital Rectal Examination (DRM),
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test,
- Imaging Tests,
How Is Prostate Cancer Treated?
Prostate cancer treatment varies depending on the stage of the cancer, the patient’s general health and preferences. Prostate cancer treatment options may include;
- For low-grade and slow-growing prostate cancer, doctors may recommend active surveillance. This involves monitoring the growth and spread of cancer with regular tests and examinations. If the cancer progresses, treatment is started.
- Radical prostatectomy, a surgical procedure in which the prostate is completely removed, is a treatment option for early-stage prostate cancer.
- Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. Radiation therapy can be administered externally (external beam radiation therapy) or with radioactive seeds placed inside the prostate (brachytherapy).
- Prostate cancer cells are dependent on a hormone called testosterone. Hormone therapy slows the growth of cancer by reducing testosterone production or blocking the cancer cells’ response to testosterone.
- Chemotherapy used for advanced prostate cancer is made with drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used for patients who do not respond to other treatments or who have metastatic prostate cancer.
- Immunotherapy uses drugs that help the immune system recognise and destroy cancer cells. Immunotherapy is usually considered for patients who have not responded to other treatment options for advanced prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and their relatives who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Prostate Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be correct to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi
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