Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine related to the prevention and treatment of neurological diseases that need to be treated surgically. The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves that surround the body. All internal and external perception, movement, speech, learning, thinking, organ activities, and all other body functions are regulated and functioned by the nervous system.
The brain, spinal cord, and the entire nervous system have very sensitive and complex structures. Although these structures in the human body are in sheltered areas and are surrounded by many body structures, they can be damaged by many different diseases and trauma-like conditions, causing serious health problems. Nervous system diseases can originate directly from the nervous system, but they can also develop from the surrounding tissues.
When the integrity of the nervous system, which has a sensitive structure and is in contact with all other body systems, is disrupted and disease develops in the system, it can cause problems in many other body systems. The treatment of many serious and life-threatening diseases such as stroke, stroke, hernia, tumors developing in both the cerebrospinal tissue and surrounding tissues, circulatory problems in the vessels feeding the nervous system, cerebral hemorrhage, and cerebrospinal trauma due to accidents are performed by neurosurgeons. is done.
Apart from these, sometimes there may be congenital cerebrospinal problems. Neurosurgeons are also involved in the treatment of such diseases that can be seen in children. As in many diseases, it is important to prevent the disease before the disease occurs in the diseases that neurosurgery deals with. Although prevention methods cannot always prevent the formation of the disease, it is very important because it slows the progression of the disease and facilitates its treatment.
Although some diseases show improvement after neurosurgery treatment, recovery may not be seen immediately after surgery due to brain and spinal cord structure. Depending on the type of disease, the recovery of the brain and spinal cord injury depends on the types of treatment to be applied after surgery. These types of treatment can be listed as diet programs suitable for the disease, physiotherapy, and rehabilitation programs. The patient’s nutrition, rehabilitation process, psychological state, patience, and continuity in treatment are very important in brain and spinal cord injuries, the recovery period of which can sometimes be difficult and long. In addition, early diagnosis is of vital importance in the brain and spinal cord injuries.
The sooner the surgery is performed in the presence of disease and the sooner the treatment is started, the easier the treatment process of the disease, the less the possibility of sequelae, and the higher the success rate of the treatment. As the disease progresses, the damage it will cause can affect many other systems, deteriorating the general condition of the patient and creating life-threatening risks. For this reason, people at risk should have regular check-ups and pay attention to their eating habits and daily physical activities. Today, neurosurgery treatments have achieved a great deal of success thanks to the developing diagnosis and treatment techniques.