Mumps is a common viral infectious disease, especially in childhood. Although it usually has a mild course, in some cases, it can lead to complications, especially swelling and pain in the salivary glands. Thanks to vaccination, mumps, which are less common today, can be easily controlled with the right information and precautions.
- What Is Mumps?
- Who Gets Mumps?
- How is mumps transmitted?
- What Causes Mumps?
- What are the symptoms of mumps?
- What Are The Complications Of Mumps?
- What are the Diagnostic Methods for Mumps?
- How Does Mumps Go Away?
- What Are The Treatment Methods for Mumps?
- At What Age Can Mumps Occur?
- When Should I Get The Mumps Vaccine?
- Mumps Treatment Prices in Turkey
What Is Mumps?
Mumps is an infectious disease caused by the mumps virus, a virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family. Its most characteristic feature is swelling of the salivary glands, causing pain. This leads to swollen cheeks, which is the most well-known symptom of the disease. Mumps is usually mild, with flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache and fatigue. However, in some cases, it can cause complications such as meningitis, pancreatitis and hearing loss.
Who Gets Mumps?
Although mumps can be seen in all age groups, it is a disease that is more common in children between the ages of 5-15. The risk of occurrence is higher in unvaccinated individuals. In addition, people with weak immune systems, pregnant women, and people with chronic diseases are also at higher risk for mumps.
How is mumps transmitted?
Mumps is a droplet-borne virus. Saliva droplets released by sick people during coughing, sneezing, or talking cause healthy individuals to inhale the virus. It can also be transmitted by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching areas such as the face, nose and mouth.
The mumps virus can cause illness for as long as it is contagious. Infected people are known to be contagious for several days before symptoms appear and for a week after symptoms begin.
What Causes Mumps?
Mumps is a viral infectious disease, especially in children. The cause of mumps is the mumps virus (mumps virus), a virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family. his virus multiplies in the salivary glands, causing inflammation and swelling. Mumps usually affects children aged 5-15 years, but it can affect people of any age.
The mumps virus is spread through the saliva of infected people. Coughing, sneezing and close contact can transmit the virus. The virus can also be transmitted by using shared items such as cups, plates, forks and spoons.
The MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine against the mumps virus helps prevent the spread of the disease. However, although the vaccine does not provide 100% protection against the mumps virus, it can help vaccinated people to have a milder illness and reduce the risk of complications.
What are the symptoms of mumps?
Mumps symptoms appear about 16-18 days after contact with the virus. Symptoms of mumps include;
- Muscle pain,
- Fatigue and weakness,
- Loss of appetite
- Swollen and painful salivary glands (especially in front of and under the ears),
- Difficulty chewing and swallowing,
- Dryness in the mouth
Symptoms of mumps can sometimes be mild and go unnoticed. This can make it easier for the disease to spread.
What Are The Complications Of Mumps?
Although mumps is usually a mild disease, in some cases it can lead to serious complications. Complications of mumps can be explained as follows;
- The mumps virus can cause inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, leading to meningitis. Symptoms of meningitis include severe headache, stiff neck, fever and vomiting.
- In men, the mumps virus can cause inflammation of the testicles, leading to orchitis. Symptoms of orchitis include pain, swelling and tenderness in the testicles.
- In women, the mumps virus can cause inflammation of the ovaries, leading to oophoritis. Symptoms of oophoritis include abdominal pain, fever and nausea.
- The mumps virus can cause inflammation of the pancreas, leading to pancreatitis. Symptoms of pancreatitis include upper abdominal pain, fever and nausea.
- In rare cases, the mumps virus can cause damage to the inner ear, leading to hearing loss.
To reduce the risk of mumps complications, it is important to get the MMR vaccine. The vaccine provides immunity against the mumps virus, helping to make the illness milder and reduce the risk of complications.
What are the Diagnostic Methods for Mumps?
Mumps is a viral infection that is mostly seen in children. The mumps virus causes swelling and pain in the salivary glands. There are a number of methods to diagnose mumps.
- Physical examination,
- Blood tests
- Viral culture
- PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) test
Such methods can be used in the diagnostic process.
How Does Mumps Go Away?
Mumps is a disease that usually goes away on its own within 1-2 weeks. Most patients recover completely with proper rest and medication to relieve symptoms. Some of the methods that can help mumps to go away are as follows;
- Increase fluid intake,
- Hot and cold compresses,
What Are The Treatment Methods for Mumps?
There is no specific treatment for mumps because it is a viral infection and antibiotics are not effective. Instead, treatments are applied to relieve symptoms and ensure the patient’s comfort. Mumps treatment methods are as follows;
- Painkillers and antipyretics,
- Increase fluid intake,
- Consume soft and easy-to-swallow food,
Mumps is a preventable disease with the MMR (measles, rubella and mumps) vaccine. Therefore, it is important that children are vaccinated with the MMR vaccine at an appropriate age.
At What Age Can Mumps Occur?
Mumps is a viral infection and is a common disease, especially in childhood. The mumps virus causes inflammation of the salivary glands, leading to swelling and pain. This infection usually occurs in children aged 5-15 years but can occur in any age group.
Mumps can spread rapidly, especially among school-age children. Therefore, outbreaks can occur in public places such as schools and kindergartens. Infection can also occur in adults who are not immune to the mumps virus. However, mumps in adults is more severe than in children and the risk of complications is higher.
Mumps infection is usually more common in winter and spring. During these periods, the rate of spread of the virus increases and the incidence of the disease also increases. Mumps can have a mild course, but in some cases, it can also cause serious complications. Especially in boys, if they get mumps after puberty, problems such as testicular inflammation can occur.
When Should I Get The Mumps Vaccine?
The mumps vaccine is a vaccine that is included in the childhood vaccination schedule and provides immunity against the mumps virus. The Mumps vaccine is usually given as MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine, which is a combined vaccine administered together with measles and rubella vaccines.
The first dose of mumps vaccine is usually administered when children are 12-15 months old. The second dose is administered between the ages of 4-6 years, during the preschool period. The purpose of the second dose is to boost immunity and increase protection.
If a child has not been vaccinated against mumps and has been exposed to the mumps virus, the vaccine is administered within 72 hours of exposure to reduce the severity of the disease. In this case, the vaccine is used as post-exposure prophylaxis.
The recommendation for mumps vaccination for adults depends on immune status and risk factors. If an adult has not had mumps and has not been vaccinated, mumps vaccination is recommended, especially for at-risk groups such as healthcare workers, school and university staff. Mumps vaccination is also recommended for travelers to help prevent the spread of the disease.
Mumps Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and their relatives who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Mumps Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi