Low leukocyte count, also known as leukopenia, is a condition in which the number of white blood cells (leukocytes), an important part of the body’s immune system, is reduced. This condition can lead to a more vulnerable state against infections and a more severe course of diseases. Leukopenia can occur due to various reasons and manifests itself with some symptoms. In this article we have written for you, general information about leukopenia, its causes and symptoms will be discussed.
What Is Leukopenia?
Leukopenia is a condition in which white blood cells (leukocytes) are found at a lower level than normal. White blood cells are vital for the body’s immune system and play an important role in the prevention and treatment of disease by fighting infections. When the number of leukocytes decreases, the body becomes more vulnerable to infections, and diseases can be more severe.
What Causes Leukopenia?
Leukopenia can occur for many different reasons. These include;
- Bone marrow where leukocytes are produced. If the bone marrow does not function normally, not enough white blood cells can be produced and leukopenia occurs.
- In patients undergoing cancer treatment, treatment methods such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also damage healthy cells and affect leukocyte production.
- The body’s immune system can sometimes attack its own cells, causing a decrease in leukocytes.
- Some medicines can affect the production of leukocytes, leading to leukopenia. In particular, some antibiotics, anticonvulsants and anti-thyroid drugs can cause this condition.
- Some viral infections can cause leukopenia by suppressing leukocyte production.
- Nutritional deficiencies such as vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron deficiency can lead to leukopenia by affecting leukocyte production.
What are the Symptoms of Leukopenia?
Symptoms of leukopenia are vulnerability to infections caused by low leukocyte counts and a more severe course of infections. The main symptoms are as follows;
- When the leukocyte count is low, the body has difficulty fighting infections and may have frequent infections.
- Fever, a symptom of infections, is more common in people with leukemia.
- Leukopenia can cause fatigue by affecting the body’s energy levels.
- Low leukocytes can cause pale skin and discoloration.
- Sores and canker sores in the mouth are more common in people with leukemia.
- Leukopenia can cause increased heart rate and shortness of breath.
In the case of leukopenia, treatment methods recommended by the doctor should be applied depending on the severity of the symptoms and the underlying causes. In this way, the immune system can be strengthened and become more resistant to infections.
Does Leukopenia Cause Cancer?
Leukopenia is a condition in which the number of white blood cells (leukocytes) in the body decreases to abnormally low levels. Since white blood cells are an important component of the immune system, leukopenia leads to a weakened immune system and vulnerability to infections. So, does leukopenia cause cancer? Let’s find out together.
Leukopenia does not directly cause cancer, but it is thought that the risk of cancer may increase due to a weakened immune system. Cancer is a disease caused by the uncontrolled growth and proliferation of cells. The immune system fights cancer by helping to prevent abnormal cells from growing and multiplying. When the immune system is weakened by leukopenia, the defense mechanism against the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells is reduced and the risk of cancer increases.
However, leukopenia is not the only factor that causes cancer. Cancer development can be caused by genetic factors, lifestyle, environmental factors and many other factors. Although people with leucopenia have an increased risk of developing cancer, it cannot be said that this condition will definitely lead to cancer. When leukopenia is treated and white blood cell levels return to normal, the immune system becomes stronger again and the risk of cancer decreases.
What Are The Types of Leukocytes?
Leukocytes are white blood cells that are an important component of the immune system. Leukocytes are classified into five main types. These types are as follows;
Neutrophils; It is the most common type of leukocyte that helps the body fight bacterial infections. Neutrophils destroy foreign microorganisms by phagocytizing (swallowing) them.
Lymphocytes; It is divided into two subtypes: B cells and T cells. B cells produce antibodies against infections, while T cells destroy virus-infected cells and cancer cells.
Monocytes are large leukocytes that migrate to tissues and become macrophages. They fight bacteria, fungi, and viruses and clean cell debris.
Eosinophils fight against parasite infections and allergic reactions.
Basophils; Play a role in allergic reactions and inflammatory processes.
How Is Leukopenia Diagnosed?
Leukopenia is usually diagnosed by a complete blood count (CBC), a blood test. A complete blood count measures the number of leukocytes and other blood components in the blood. Leukopenia is diagnosed when the leukocyte count is lower than normal.
Once leukopenia is diagnosed, doctors try to determine the underlying cause by assessing the patient’s medical history and symptoms. Factors that cause leukopenia include viral infections, autoimmune diseases, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and certain medications. Once the underlying cause is identified, the appropriate treatment plan is applied and leukocyte levels are corrected.
How To Treat Leukopenia?
Leukopenia is a condition in which the number of white blood cells (leukocytes) is abnormally low. This can weaken the body’s ability to fight infections and make it more vulnerable to disease. Treatment of leukopenia varies depending on the underlying causes and the patient’s general health. Here are some methods used in the treatment of leukopenia:
Leukopenia may be a symptom of another disease or infection. In this case, treating the disease-causing leukemia can increase the number of white blood cells. For example, if there is a viral infection causing leukemia, antiviral drugs may be used.
If there are medicines that cause leukopenia, the doctor may change these medicines or adjust the dose. There are also some medicines used to treat leukopenia. These include drugs such as granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). These drugs increase the production of white blood cells by stimulating the bone marrow.
If leukopenia is caused by bone marrow failure, a bone marrow transplant may be necessary. This is the transfer of bone marrow cells from a healthy donor to the patient. The bone marrow transplant helps the patient to regenerate their own immune cells and can correct leukopenia.
Patients with leukopenia may need supportive therapies to prevent and treat infections. These treatments include antibiotics, antiviral drugs, painkillers and antipyretics. It is also important for patients to be under regular medical supervision and to monitor the number of blood cells.
What Happens If Leukopenia Is Not Treated?
When leukopenia is not treated, the body’s immune system weakens and its ability to fight infections decreases. This can cause patients to get sick more often and develop more serious infections. Listed below are some of the complications that can occur when leukopenia is not treated;
Patients with leukemia may experience more frequent and severe infections because their body’s ability to fight infections is reduced. These infections can lead to more serious health problems when left untreated.
Wounds in people with leukemia may take longer to heal and are at higher risk of infection.
When leukemia is left untreated, infections can spread to organs and cause organ damage. This can lead to organ failure and can be life-threatening.
When leukemia is not treated, infections can spread into the bloodstream and lead to a serious complication called sepsis. Sepsis can result in organ failure, shock and death.
Leukopenia can lead to serious health problems when left untreated. Therefore, it is important that people with symptoms of leukopenia seek timely treatment and follow the doctor’s recommendations.
Leukopenia Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. Leukopenia Treatment Prices in Turkey
We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage.Türkiye’de Klinefelter Sendromu Tedavi Fiyatları Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi
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