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Hemorrhoids (Haemorrhoids) Symptoms, Surgery and Treatment Methods

Haemorrhoids, commonly known as haemorrhoids, is a common health problem. This condition, which affects a large part of the society, can negatively affect the quality of life and limit the daily activities of the person. It is important to have information about the symptoms, surgery and treatment methods of haemorrhoids to cope with this discomfort. In this article we have written for you, we will try to give information about Hemorrhoids (Haemorrhoids) Symptoms, Surgery and Treatment Methods.

What is Hemorrhoids (Haemorrhoids)?

Haemorrhoids is a discomfort caused by swelling and enlargement of the blood vessels in the anus and rectum area. These blood vessels may remain under pressure during defecation and may expand over time, causing the formation of haemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are divided into two types: internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are located on the inside of the rectum, while external hemorrhoids are located around the anus.

What are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?

Symptoms of hemorrhoids may vary according to the type and severity of hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are usually painless and are only noticed by bleeding during defecation. External haemorrhoids may cause the following symptoms.

  • Itching and irritation in the anus area,
  • Pain and tenderness around the anus,
  • Bleeding during defecation,
  • Swelling and inflammation around the anus,
  • Traces of blood in the feces,

What are the Causes of Haemorrhoids?

We can list the factors that cause the formation of hemorrhoids for you as follows.

  • Long-term constipation or diarrhea,
  • Excessive pushing,
  • Pregnancy
  • Age,
  • Overweight
  • Genetic factors,

Hemorrhoids are a health problem that negatively affects the quality of life and can lead to complications when left untreated. By having information about the symptoms and causes of hemorrhoids, important steps can be taken to prevent and treat this condition.

What are the Types of Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, popularly known as hemorrhoids, are a discomfort caused by the enlargement of the veins around the anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids usually manifest themselves with symptoms such as pain, bleeding and itching. Hemorrhoids are divided into two main types: Internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. We can explain to them as follows;

Internal Haemorrhoids: Internal hemorrhoids are caused by dilation of the veins inside the rectum and are usually painless. The most obvious symptom of internal hemorrhoids may be bright red bleeding during defecation. Internal hemorrhoids can protrude from the anus during defecation and may cause pain in this case.

External Haemorrhoids: External hemorrhoids are caused by the dilation of the veins around the anus and can cause symptoms such as pain, itching, and swelling. External hemorrhoids are manifested by hard, blue swelling under the skin around the anus. If the external hemorrhoids clot, severe pain, and bruising may occur.

What are the Stages of Haemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are divided into four stages and each stage differs according to the severity of symptoms and treatment methods.

Stage 1: The first stage of haemorrhoids is usually asymptomatic and can only be detected during rectal examination. At this stage, vasodilatation is mild and usually improves with lifestyle changes and simple treatments.

Stage 2: Second stage haemorrhoids are haemorrhoids that protrude from the anus during defecation and then retract spontaneously. At this stage, symptoms such as bleeding and mild pain may be observed. Stage 2 hemorrhoids can usually be controlled with lifestyle changes, medications and minimally invasive treatments.

Stage 3: Stage 3 hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that come out of the anus during defecation and need to be pushed back manually. At this stage, symptoms such as pain, bleeding, and itching may be more severe. Stage 3 hemorrhoids can be treated with lifestyle changes, medications, and surgical treatments

Stage 4: Stage 4 hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that protrude from the anus and cannot be pushed back by hand. At this stage, symptoms such as severe pain, bleeding, and skin irritation around the anus occur. Stage 4 hemorrhoids are usually treated with surgical treatments.

How are hemorrhoids diagnosed?

Hemorrhoids are diagnosed by the patient’s complaints, physical examination, and additional examinations when necessary.

The patient applies to the doctor with complaints such as pain, bleeding, itching, and swelling. The doctor evaluates the possible causes of hemorrhoids by listening to the patient’s complaints.

The doctor tries to determine the presence and degree of hemorrhoids by examining the patient’s anus and rectum area. External hemorrhoids can be detected visually, while internal hemorrhoids may require a rectal examination.

To determine the extent of internal hemorrhoids and to exclude other possible causes, the doctor may order additional tests such as anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy to visualize the inside of the anus and rectum.

After the diagnosis of hemorrhoids is made, the doctor determines and applies appropriate treatment methods according to the patient’s condition.

What are the Treatment Methods for Haemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are a common condition caused by swelling and enlargement of the veins in the anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids can cause pain, bleeding, and itching during defecation. Treatment of hemorrhoids varies depending on the severity of the condition and the symptoms experienced by the patient.

Treatments that can be applied at home

  • Hot water bath,
  • Ice application,
  • High fiber diet,
  • Water consumption,
  • Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs,

Medical Treatments

  • Topical creams and ointments,
  • Rubber band ligation,
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Infrared coagulation,

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How is hemorrhoid surgery performed?

Hemorrhoid surgery is a treatment method generally preferred in more severe cases of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoid surgery is performed under local or general anaesthesia. Some methods of haemorrhoid surgery are as follows;

Hemorrhoidectomy Method; In this method, the surgeon cuts out the haemorrhoids and then sutures to stop bleeding. Haemorrhoidectomy is usually preferred in large and severe cases of haemorrhoids.

Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy Method; In this method, the surgeon cuts hemorrhoid and surrounding tissue with a special sewing machine (stapler) and fixes it by sewing This causes the haemorrhoid to shrink and eventually fall by cutting off the blood flow. Stapled haemorrhoidopexy is less painful and has a faster healing process.

Laser Hemorrhoidoplasty Method; In this method, the surgeon vaporizes hemorrhoids with laser energy. Laser haemorrhoidoplasty is less invasive and has a faster healing process

After hemorrhoid surgery, patients can usually return to normal activities within a few days. However, full recovery may take several weeks. Pain, swelling, and bleeding may be experienced after hemorrhoid surgery, but these symptoms usually decrease over time.

Hemorrhoids Treatment Prices in Turkey

Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.

  • Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
  • Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
  • Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
  • Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
  • Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
  • Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
  • Easy transportation.
  • Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.

Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research on hemorrhoid treatment prices in Turkey. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.

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