Lassa fever outbreak is a viral disease that is especially common in West African countries and can spread rapidly among people. Caused by the Lassa virus, this disease is characterized by symptoms such as high fever, headache, weakness, and bleeding, and in severe cases can have fatal consequences. Lassa fever, which is considered an important public health problem by the World Health Organisation, affects thousands of people every year. In this article we have written for you, we will try to give information about the symptoms, transmission routes, and diagnostic methods of Lassa fever.
What Are The Symptoms of Lassa Fever?
Lassa fever usually manifests itself with sudden onset and severe symptoms. The most common symptoms of the disease are;
- High fever
- Weakness and fatigue,
- Muscle aches,
- Sore throat and difficulty swallowing,
- Chest pain and shortness of breath,
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain,
- Bleeding (bruises on the skin, nosebleeds, blood in the feces),
These symptoms may be mild at the beginning and may worsen over time. It is also possible for some patients to overcome the disease without any symptoms.
How Is Lassa Fever Transmitted?
Lassa fever is primarily transmitted through the feces, urine, and saliva of polygons mice, which are carriers of the virus. Humans can be exposed to the virus when they come into contact with food, water, or dust contaminated with these substances. In addition, contact with the blood or tissues of an injured rat can also cause transmission of the disease.
Human-to-human transmission occurs through direct contact with the blood, saliva, urine, feces, or other bodily fluids of an infected person. Therefore, special precautions need to be taken for healthcare workers and family members who are in close contact with patients.
How Is Lassa’s Fever Diagnosed?
Lassa fever can be diagnosed by the patient’s symptoms, travel history and laboratory tests. Since the symptoms of the disease are similar to other viral infections, it is important to use laboratory tests for diagnosis. These tests may include;
- PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test for detection of viral RNA,
- ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) test for the detection of antibodies against Lassa virus,
- Cell culture test for virus isolation,
Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment increase the life chances of Lassa fever patients. Therefore, it is vital that suspected cases are quickly evaluated and referred, taking into account symptoms and risk factors.
How Is Lassa’s Fever Treated?
Lassa fever is a viral disease caused by the Lassa virus. This disease, which is especially common in West African countries, manifests itself with symptoms such as high fever, headache, muscle pain, abdominal pain, and weakness. For the treatment of Lassa fever, it is important to diagnose the disease first. In cases diagnosed early, the treatment process is more successful.
The main drug used in the treatment of Lassa fever is an antiviral drug called ribavirin. Ribavirin helps to reduce the spread and severity of the disease by preventing the virus from multiplying. While the use of the drug in the early stages of the disease gives more effective results, the success rate decreases if it is used in late periods.
During the treatment process, supportive treatments are applied, taking into account the general health status of the patient and the severity of the symptoms. These treatments include ensuring fluid and electrolyte balance, painkillers and antipyretics, oxygen support and blood transfusions when necessary.
Another important point in the treatment of Lassa fever is that the disease is contagious. Therefore, patients should be isolated and healthcare workers should prevent the spread of the disease by taking protective measures.
Who Is At Risk for Lassa Fever?
Lassa fever poses a risk, especially for people living in or traveling to West African countries. The following groups represent people at risk for Lassa fever;
- People living in or traveling to West Africa,
- People who have come into contact with rodents infected with the Lassa virus or have been exposed to their waste,
- Healthcare workers and family members in direct contact with Lassa fever patients,
- People who have come into contact with the blood, urine, feces and body fluids of Lassa fever patients,
- People living in areas with poor hygiene conditions,
How To Prevent Lassa Fever Outbreak?
The main measures that can be taken to protect against the Lassa fever epidemic are as follows;
- You can reduce the risk of transmission of the virus by washing your hands regularly, paying attention to cleanliness and storing foodstuffs properly.
- It is important to prevent contact with rodents that are carriers of the Lassa virus and to take precautions against rodents in your living spaces.
- Washing food thoroughly, cooking it and storing it in appropriate conditions can help prevent transmission of the virus.
- Healthcare workers and people in direct contact with patients should reduce the risk of infection by using personal protective equipment.
- People who have to travel to areas at risk of Lassa fever should be informed about infectious diseases and take the necessary precautions.
Treatment of Lassa fever can be successful with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment methods. Raising awareness of people at risk and the community and taking preventive measures play an important role in preventing the spread of the disease.
Lassa Fever Outbreak Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. Regarding Lassa Fever Outbreak Treatment Prices in Turkey, we can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage.Türkiye’de Klinefelter Sendromu Tedavi Fiyatları Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi