Ginseng is a valuable plant known as a natural energy source and has many health benefits. Ginseng, which has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries, especially in East Asian culture, maintains its popularity around the world today. This valuable plant is known for its energizing, immune system strengthening and mental performance enhancing effects thanks to the components it contains. In this article we have written for you, we will examine what ginseng is, what it contains and its types.
What Is Ginseng?
Ginseng is a slow-growing perennial herb belonging to the genus Panax and grows in shady areas. Generally, after 2-3 years, the above-ground part dies and the roots remain, and new shoots form around these roots. The most valuable part of ginseng is its roots. These roots offer many health benefits thanks to the ginsenosides and other ingredients they contain.
What Does Ginseng Contain?
The source of the benefits of ginseng is the active ingredients in its content. The most important of these components are ginsenosides. Ginsenosides are responsible for the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and adaptogen properties of ginseng. It also contains many valuable components such as ginseng, polysaccharides, peptides, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, vitamins (B1, B2, B6, C and E), minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc) and trace elements.
What Are The Types of Ginseng Plant?
Ginseng is known for its varieties that are grown in different geographies and have different characteristics. Among these varieties, the most commonly used are:
Asian Ginseng (Panax ginseng); It is commonly grown in Korea, China and Russia and is known for its warm energizing properties. There are two types, red and white. Red ginseng has stronger effects than white ginseng.
American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius); Grown in North America, this strain is known for its cold energizing properties and is often used to combat stress and fatigue.
Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus); In fact, this herb, which is not true ginseng, is considered ginseng because of its similar effects. It grows in Siberia and East Asia and is known for its adaptogen properties.
Ginseng is consumed today in supplements, teas, powders, and other products for its health benefits. However, before using ginseng, it is important that pregnant women, nursing mothers and people with chronic diseases consult their doctor.
What Are the Benefits of Ginseng?
Ginseng is a plant originating from Asia and North America and has many health benefits thanks to the compounds found in its roots. Ginseng is particularly known for its energizing and stress-reducing effects. The main benefits of ginseng can be listed as follows;
- Increases Energy Levels,
- Reduces Stress and Anxiety,
- Supports Immune System,
- Regulates Blood Sugar Levels,
- Improves Sexual Functions,
Does Ginseng Boost the Immune System?
Yes, ginseng is an effective herb that strengthens the immune system. Ginseng contains compounds that support the immune system, and these compounds provide protection against diseases by strengthening the immune system. Ginseng strengthens the immune system in the following ways;
- Ginseng activates immune cells, providing a more effective defense against diseases.
- Ginseng contains antioxidant compounds that fight free radicals in the body. Free radicals can cause diseases by weakening the immune system.
- Ginseng is effective in fighting infections such as colds and flu. Thanks to this feature, it can reduce the duration and severity of diseases.
What Are The Effects of Ginseng on Sexual Function?
Ginseng is a plant that has positive effects on sexual functions. The effects of ginseng on sexual functions can be explained as follows;
- Ginseng increases the quality of sexual life by increasing sexual desire. This effect can be seen in both men and women.
- Ginseng can be effective against erection problems by increasing blood flow. It also improves erection duration and quality.
- Ginseng is also beneficial against premature ejaculation. In men who have premature ejaculation problem, it has been seen that this problem is reduced with the use of ginseng.
- Ginseng is beneficial against male infertility by increasing sperm quality and motility. It also supports fertility by increasing the sperm count.
- Ginseng helps relieve symptoms such as hot flashes, sweating and sleep problems experienced during menopause. In addition, it has been observed that sexual desire increases with the use of ginseng in women who experience sexual reluctance during menopause.
Using Ginseng to Control Stress
Today’s fast pace of life and busy work life cause people’s stress levels to increase. Stress can negatively affect both our physical and psychological health. Therefore, keeping stress under control is important to improve our quality of life. Ginseng stands out as a natural alternative to deal with stress. The properties of ginseng that help control stress are as follows;
- Ginseng is among a group of natural substances known as adaptogens. Adaptogens help reduce the negative effects of stress by increasing the body’s ability to cope with stress. In this way, ginseng alleviates problems such as low energy, lack of concentration and sleep problems caused by stress.
- Ginseng helps reduce stress and anxiety by showing positive effects on the nervous system. This herb plays an important role in coping with stress by regulating the balance of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain.
- Stress weakens the immune system, making it vulnerable to diseases. Ginseng helps to reduce the negative effects of stress on the body by strengthening the immune system.
The recommended dosages and duration of use for ginseng use may vary. Therefore, it is important to consult a specialist before starting to use ginseng.
What Are the Side Effects of Ginseng?
Although ginseng is a natural product, it can cause some side effects. These are usually mild and transient and are less common when used at low doses. The known side effects of ginseng are as follows;
- Sleep Problems,
- Digestive Problems,
- Blood Pressure Changes,
- Allergic Reactions,
Although ginseng has effects that can help control stress, it is important to consult a specialist before using it and to be aware of the side effects.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi