Bone cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the bones that form the skeletal system of the human body and can spread to other organs over time. Bone cancer is a very rare type of cancer and can be successfully treated with early diagnosis and correct treatment methods. In this article we have written for you, we will try to give detailed information about what bone cancer is, why it occurs, and what its symptoms are.
- What is Bone Cancer (Tumour)?
- What Causes Bone Cancer?
- What Are The Symptoms of Bone Cancer (Tumour)?
- What Are The Types of Bone Cancer (Tumour)?
- What are Bone Cancer (Tumour) Risk Factors?
- How Is Bone Cancer (Tumour) Diagnosed?
- How Is Bone Cancer (Tumor) Treatment Performed?
- Bone Cancer (Tumour) Loss of Limb
- Cryoablation in Bone Cancer (Tumour) Treatment
- Bone Cancer (Tumour) Treatment Prices in Turkey
What is Bone Cancer (Tumour)?
Bone cancer is a malignant tumor that begins with abnormal and uncontrolled growth of bone cells. Bone cancer can be classified into two types: primary and secondary. Primary bone cancer is a type of cancer that originates from bone tissue and is more common in children and young people. Secondary bone cancer is a type of cancer that originates from another organ and spreads by metastasizing to the bones and is more common in adults.
What Causes Bone Cancer?
Although the exact cause of bone cancer is unknown, some factors are thought to increase the risk of bone cancer. These include genetic factors, radiation, and some bone diseases. In addition, some types of bone cancer are known to be associated with bone diseases such as Paget’s disease.
What Are The Symptoms of Bone Cancer (Tumour)?
Symptoms of bone cancer may vary depending on the type, size, and spread of the cancer. However, the most common symptoms of bone cancer are;
- Continuous and severe bone pain,
- Swelling and tenderness,
- Fatigue and weight loss,
- High fever and night sweats,
Since the symptoms of bone cancer are similar to the symptoms of other diseases, it is important to have a doctor’s examination and necessary examinations for a definitive diagnosis. With early diagnosis and appropriate treatment methods, bone cancer can be successfully treated.
What Are The Types of Bone Cancer (Tumour)?
Bone cancer is a disease caused by the uncontrolled proliferation and growth of abnormal cells in bone tissue. Bone tumors are divided into benign (benign) and malignant (malignant). Malignant ones are considered cancer. Bone cancer types are as follows;
Osteosarcoma; It is the most common type of bone cancer and is usually seen in children and young adults. Osteosarcoma usually develops at the ends of long bones, especially in the knee and upper leg bones or upper arms.
Chondrosarcoma; It is the second most common type of bone cancer and is more common in adults. Chondrosarcoma originates from cartilage cells and usually occurs in the pelvis, leg and shoulder bones.
Ewing Sarcoma; is a rare type of bone cancer that is more common in children and young adults. Ewing sarcoma usually develops in the long bones, spine, ribs, and skull.
Chordoma; This type of bone cancer, which is more common in adults, can develop along the spine from the base of the skull to the coccyx.
Fibrosarcoma; is a rare type of bone cancer and is more common in adults. Fibrosarcoma usually occurs in the leg, arms, and jaw bones.
What are Bone Cancer (Tumour) Risk Factors?
Bone cancer risk factors include;
- Genetic factors,
- Radiation exposure,
- Paget’s disease,
- Benign bone tumors,
How Is Bone Cancer (Tumour) Diagnosed?
The methods used for the diagnosis of bone cancer are as follows;
- Physical examination,
- Radiological imaging,
- Bone scan ,
- Blood tests
After the diagnosis of bone cancer, the stage of the disease is determined and an appropriate treatment plan is created.
How Is Bone Cancer (Tumor) Treatment Performed?
Bone cancer is malignant (malignant) tumors originating from bone tissue. The treatment of bone cancer varies depending on factors such as the patient’s age, type, stage and spread of cancer. The main methods used in the treatment of bone cancer are as follows;
Surgery forms the basis of bone cancer treatment. The surgeon tries to prevent the spread of the tumor by removing cancerous bone tissue and surrounding healthy tissue. Today, after the majority of cancerous bones are removed, a functional limb can be obtained by using metal prostheses or bone grafts instead.
Radiotherapy uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. In the treatment of bone cancer, radiotherapy is usually given before or after surgery. This treatment method helps prevent cancer cells from spreading to surrounding tissues and prevent them from returning after surgery.
Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment using drugs that inhibit the growth and spread of cancer cells. In bone cancer treatment, chemotherapy is usually given before and after surgery. In this way, it helps to prevent the cancer from spreading to other organs and prevent it from returning after surgery.
Targeted therapies target specific molecules that are important for the growth and spread of cancer cells. In bone cancer treatment, targeted therapies are often used in combination with other treatment methods.
Bone Cancer (Tumour) Loss of Limb
In the treatment of bone cancer, cancerous bone and surrounding tissues must be removed during surgical intervention. In some cases, this may lead to limb loss. However, thanks to the surgical techniques and prostheses developed today, the rate of limb loss has decreased significantly. In this way, the quality of life and functional skills of patients can be preserved.
Cryoablation in Bone Cancer (Tumour) Treatment
Cryoablation is a treatment method that kills cancer cells by freezing them. This method is a new and promising technique used especially in the treatment of bone cancer. Cryoablation offers an alternative treatment option for patients who are not suitable for surgical intervention or who have high surgical risks.
Cryoablation in bone cancer treatment is performed by injecting liquid nitrogen into the tumor with a thin needle. This process causes the cancer cells to freeze to death and the tumor to shrink. Cryoablation is often used in combination with other treatment methods and helps to improve the quality of life of patients.
Bone Cancer (Tumour) Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Bone Cancer (Tumour) Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi
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