Laryngeal cancer is a disease characterized by malignant tumors that occur in the larynx region, where the respiratory and vocal cords are located. This type of cancer, which can achieve successful results with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment methods, is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. In this article we have written for you, we will try to answer questions about basic information about laryngeal cancer, its causes and risk factors.
- What is Throat Cancer?
- What are the Causes of Throat Cancer?
- What are the Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer?
- What are the Symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer?
- What are the Stages of Laryngeal Cancer?
- How is the Diagnosis of Throat Cancer?
- What are the Treatment Methods in Laryngeal Cancer?
- What Can Be Done to Prevent Throat Cancer?
- Throat Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey
What is Throat Cancer?
Laryngeal cancer is a type of cancer that occurs as a result of uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the larynx region to form malignant tumors. The larynx is located at the junction of the trachea and esophagus and contains the vocal cords. Laryngeal cancer manifests itself with symptoms such as hoarseness, shortness of breath and difficulty in swallowing, and is a treatable disease when diagnosed early.
What are the Causes of Throat Cancer?
Although the exact cause of laryngeal cancer is unknown, certain factors are thought to contribute to the development of this type of cancer. These factors include smoking and alcohol use, exposure to certain chemicals, excessive voice use, and genetic predisposition. Smoking and alcohol use are among the most important risk factors for laryngeal cancer, and long-term and regular use of these substances significantly increases the risk of laryngeal cancer.
What are the Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer?
Laryngeal cancer risk factors are defined as conditions that increase the likelihood of developing this type of cancer. Laryngeal cancer risk factors include;
- Alcohol use,
- Chemical exposure,
- Excessive use of sound
- Genetic factors,
- Gender and age,
It is possible to protect against this type of cancer by keeping throat cancer risk factors under control and adopting healthy living habits. In addition, regular health checks and consulting a doctor without wasting time in case of suspicious symptoms are of great importance in terms of early diagnosis and treatment.
What are the Symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer?
Symptoms of laryngeal cancer, which has a high chance of being cured when detected early, are as follows;
- Difficulty swallowing,
- Pain and discomfort,
- Shortness of breath and wheezing,
- Swelling and mass,
- Coughing and coughing up blood,
- Weight loss and fatigue,
What are the Stages of Laryngeal Cancer?
Laryngeal cancer stages are classified according to the extent and size of the cancer’s spread. The stages of laryngeal cancer are as follows;
Stage 0; Cancer cells are only found in the uppermost layer of the larynx tissue and have not yet spread deeply.
Stage 1; Cancer cells grew locally in the larynx tissue, but did not spread to lymph nodes or neighboring organs.
Stage 2; Cancer cells have become larger in the larynx tissue and/or have spread to the vocal cords, but have not spread to the lymph nodes or adjacent organs.
Stage 3; Cancer cells have grown further in the larynx tissue, have spread to the lymph nodes and/or have spread limitedly to neighboring organs.
Stage 4; Cancer cells have grown too far in the larynx tissue, have spread to lymph nodes and/or adjacent organs, and/or have metastasized to other parts of the body.
How is the Diagnosis of Throat Cancer?
Diagnosis of laryngeal cancer can be made by observing suspicious symptoms followed by various tests and examinations. The laryngeal cancer diagnosis process is as follows;
- Physical examination,
- Imaging tests,
- Lymph node biopsy,
As a result of these tests and examinations, the doctor diagnoses laryngeal cancer and determines the appropriate treatment methods.
What are the Treatment Methods in Laryngeal Cancer?
The methods used in the treatment of laryngeal cancer may vary depending on factors such as the stage of the cancer, the general health of the patient, and the location of the cancer. The main methods used in the treatment of laryngeal cancer can be explained as follows;
Surgical methods are often preferred in the treatment of laryngeal cancer. In the early stages of cancer, when the tumor is small in size and does not affect the vocal cords, the tumor can be removed with minimally invasive methods called microsurgery. In advanced stages, the larynx can be partially or completely removed. In this case, various prostheses and devices can be used so that the patient can breathe and speak.
Radiotherapy is a treatment method that aims to kill cancer cells using high-energy X-rays. In the treatment of laryngeal cancer, radiotherapy can be applied before or after surgery. In addition, radiotherapy can be used alone for patients who are not suitable for surgery. Side effects of radiotherapy include skin rash, edema and difficulty in swallowing.
Chemotherapy is a method that aims to treat cancer cells using drugs that prevent them from growing and multiplying. In the treatment of laryngeal cancer, chemotherapy is often used in combination with radiotherapy. Side effects of chemotherapy include nausea, vomiting, hair loss and decreased resistance to infections.
Targeted therapies use drugs that focus on specific molecules that inhibit the growth and spread of cancer cells. This method of treatment can be used in cases where laryngeal cancer is advanced or resistant to other treatments.
Immunotherapy is a treatment method that aims to enable the immune system to fight cancer cells more effectively. In the treatment of laryngeal cancer, immunotherapy is generally used in patients who are resistant to other treatment methods.
What Can Be Done to Prevent Throat Cancer?
Measures that can be taken to prevent throat cancer are as follows;
- Reduce or quit smoking and alcohol consumption,
- Eat healthy,
- Protect yourself from HPV infection,
- Pay attention to safety measures at work,
- Have regular health checkups,
Throat Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has succeeded in making its name known to the world with its investments and Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Laryngeal Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be correct to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi
This post is also available in: Türkçe