Fungal disease is a health problem caused by microscopic organisms that live on humans and animals and cause infections. Fungi are microorganisms that are common in nature and are usually harmless. In some cases, however, they can cause infections on external surfaces such as skin, nails and hair, or in internal organs. Fungal diseases can range from mild and easily treatable skin infections to life-threatening systemic infections. In this article, we will try to give you information about what a fungal disease is, its symptoms and how to treat it.
What Is Fungal Disease?
Fungal diseases are infections caused by various types of fungi. Fungi are microorganisms that are common in nature and are usually harmless. In some cases, however, they can cause infections on external surfaces such as skin, nails and hair, or in internal organs. Fungal diseases can range from mild and easily treatable skin infections to life-threatening systemic infections. Fungal infections are more common in individuals with weak immune systems.
What Are The Symptoms of Fungal Disease?
Symptoms of fungal disease vary depending on the type of infection and the part of the body it is in. Some common fungal disease symptoms are as follows;
- Redness, scaling, itching, and rash on the skin,
- Nail thickening, discoloration, and pain,
- Scalp dandruff, hair loss, and itching,
- White patches in the mouth, pain, and difficulty swallowing,
- Redness, itching, burning, and discharge in the vaginal area,
- Fever, malaise, cough, and shortness of breath in systemic fungal infections,
Symptoms of fungal diseases can be similar to other types of infections, so it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.
What Causes Fungal Diseases?
Fungal diseases occur when various types of fungi cause infections in the human body. These infections can range from mild to severe and life-threatening conditions. The causes of fungal diseases can be listed as follows;
- Fungi reproduce easily in humid and warm environments and increase the risk of infection. For this reason, closed shoes, sweaty and damp clothes, and sauna and pool environments may be more prone to fungal infections.
- People with weak immune systems are more susceptible to fungal infections. In particular, people with chronic diseases such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes, those who use immunosuppressive drugs and the elderly are at higher risk.
- Skin wounds and irritations provide a favorable environment for fungi to enter the body. Injuries, especially toenail injuries, can lead to nail fungus infections.
- Skin that is not cleaned regularly and left moist becomes a more favorable environment for fungal infections. Sharing personal items also increases the risk of fungal infection.
What Are The Types of Fungal Diseases?
Fungal diseases can be classified in various ways according to the type of causative fungus and the location of the infection. Some types of fungal diseases are as follows;
Dermatophytes; Dermatophyte fungi, which cause infections on the skin, hair and nails, cause diseases such as tinea corporis (body fungus), tinea capitis (hair fungus), tinea pedis (foot fungus), and tinea unguium (nail fungus).
Candida infections; Candida fungi can cause infections in the mouth, throat, genital area and intestines. Conditions such as oral candidiasis (oral fungus), vaginal candidiasis (vaginal fungus), and invasive candidiasis (a fungus that spreads into the bloodstream) occur.
Aspergillus infections; Aspergillus fungi can cause respiratory infections and allergic reactions. Diseases such as aspergilloma and invasive aspergillosis can be seen.
Cryptococcosis: This infection, caused by fungi of the Cryptococcus species, usually starts in the lungs and can spread to the meninges. This can lead to serious complications such as meningitis.
How Is The Fungal Disease Diagnosed?
Fungal diseases can be diagnosed with the patient’s complaints, physical examination findings and laboratory tests. The methods used in the diagnosis of fungal disease are as follows;
- Physical examination
- Microscopic examination,
- Culture testing,
- Blood tests
How To Treat Fungal Disease?
Fungal diseases are skin, nail and hair infections caused by various types of fungi. The treatment of fungal disease varies depending on the type and severity of the infection. The general steps followed in the treatment of fungal disease are as follows;
- Drug Therapy,
- Home Care
- Alternative Therapies,
- Monitoring of Treatment,
Is Fungal Disease Contagious?
Yes, the fungal disease is contagious. Fungal spores can spread between people through direct contact or through infected surfaces and objects. Especially in humid and crowded environments such as pools, locker rooms and gyms, the risk of fungal infections is higher. However, people with strong immune systems are less likely to develop an infection.
The following measures can be taken to prevent the transmission of fungal disease;
- Paying attention to personal hygiene rules,
- Dry your feet thoroughly after washing them,
- Not sharing towels, slippers and other personal items,
- Using slippers in public areas,
- Using an antifungal spray or powder for athlete’s foot,
Who Can Get Fungal Disease?
Fungal diseases can occur in all ages and genders. However, some factors can increase the risk of fungal infection. These are;
- People with a weak immune system (HIV/AIDS, those undergoing cancer treatment, organ transplants, etc.),
- Diabetes patients,
- Old people and children,
- People who sweat excessively,
- Wear tight and airtight shoes,
- People taking antibiotics, corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs,
- People with skin injuries and cracks,
- People who are often in humid environments (pool, sauna, gym, etc.),
In order to protect against fungal disease, precautions should be taken by taking into account the above-mentioned factors and timely treatment should be started when symptoms are noticed.
Fungal Disease Treatment Prices In Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Fungal Disease Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi