Fibroadenoma is a common type of benign tumor in breast tissue. These tumors, which can usually occur in various periods of women’s lives, are mostly harmless but may require treatment in some cases. Fibroadenomas are more common in women, especially between the ages of 20-30. In this article we have prepared for you, we will give brief information about what fibroadenoma is, its causes and its symptoms.
- What is Fibroadenoma?
- What are the Causes of Fibroadenoma?
- What are the Symptoms of Fibroadenoma?
- How is Fibroadenoma Diagnosed?
- How is fibroadenoma treatment performed?
- How is fibroadenoma surgery performed?
- Which Department and Doctor Should I Go to for Fibroadenoma Surgery?
- Do Fibroadenomas Turn into Cancer?
- When are fibroadenomas treated?
- Fibroadenoma Treatment Prices in Turkey
What is Fibroadenoma?
Fibroadenomas are benign tumors caused by abnormal growth of connective tissue and glands in the breast. These tumors, which usually occur unilaterally, are characterized by their round or oval shape, smooth surface, and mobile structures.
Fibroadenomas are tumors with a low risk of developing into cancer on their own. However, in some cases, fibroadenomas, especially those that reach large sizes or grow rapidly, can lead to an increased risk of breast cancer.
What are the Causes of Fibroadenoma?
Although the exact cause of fibroadenomas is unknown, it is thought to be caused by the effect of hormones. In particular, the hormone estrogen is believed to play an important role in the development of fibroadenoma. Therefore, fibroadenomas are more likely to occur during periods of hormonal changes such as pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause. Genetic factors are also thought to contribute to the development of fibroadenoma.
What are the Symptoms of Fibroadenoma?
Fibroadenomas are usually painless and can be detected during palpation. Typical features of these tumors include round or oval shape, smooth surface and mobile structure. When fibroadenomas grow outside the breast, symptoms such as pitting or deformity of the skin may be observed. In some cases, fibroadenoma growth can cause discharge from the nipple.
Most fibroadenomas can be diagnosed by routine examination and imaging (mammography, ultrasound). In doubtful cases, a definitive diagnosis can be made by taking a tissue sample by fine needle aspiration or biopsy. The treatment of fibroadenomas depends on the size and number of tumors and the age of the patient. Small and painless fibroadenomas are usually followed up, while large or fast-growing fibroadenomas can be surgically removed.
How is Fibroadenoma Diagnosed?
Fibroadenomas are benign, diffuse and usually painless masses that form in the breast tissue. It usually occurs in young women and before the age of 30. Fibroadenoma can be diagnosed by physical examination, imaging methods and biopsy.
The doctor starts by getting information about the patient’s complaints and background. He then performs a breast examination and assesses the size, shape, mobility, and tenderness of the masses. Fibroadenomas are usually round, smooth-surfaced, and hard.
Imaging methods used in the diagnosis of fibroadenomas include mammography and ultrasonography. Mammography is the visualization of breast tissue by X-ray and is generally recommended for women over the age of 40. Ultrasonography, on the other hand, is the visualization of the internal structure of the breast tissue using sound waves and is more commonly preferred in younger women. Imaging methods help to evaluate the structure of the masses and the possibility of malignancy.
If the results obtained with imaging methods are insufficient or suspicious, the doctor recommends a biopsy. A biopsy is the examination of the tissue sample taken from the mass under a microscope. Different biopsy methods such as fine needle aspiration, core biopsy and excisional biopsy can be used. A biopsy is the definitive method for the diagnosis of fibroadenoma and determines whether the masses are benign or malignant.
How is fibroadenoma treatment performed?
Since fibroadenomas are usually benign and harmless, they do not always need treatment. Treatment approaches are determined by the size and number of masses, the patient’s age and menopausal status, personal preferences and the doctor’s recommendations.
Small and painless fibroadenomas are usually monitored with regular follow-ups. The doctor checks the patient at regular intervals and assesses whether there are any changes in the size or structure of the masses. During the follow-up process, it is important that the patient performs breast self-examination and controls with imaging methods.
Changes in hormone levels can affect the growth of fibroadenomas. For this reason, hormonal treatment can be applied, especially in pre-menopausal women. Oral contraceptives and other hormone medications can help slow or stop the growth of the masses.
Although fibroadenomas are usually painless, in some cases pain and discomfort may occur. In this case, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs can be used with the doctor’s advice.
How is fibroadenoma surgery performed?
Fibroadenoma surgery is generally preferred in large, fast-growing, or suspicious masses. Surgery methods are briefly as follows;
- Lumpectomy is the process of removing the masses without damaging the surrounding tissues. This procedure, performed under general or local anesthesia, completely removes fibroadenomas. After a lumpectomy, it is important to follow up the patient with regular controls.
- Cryoablation is a method in which the masses are destroyed by freezing. Under ultrasound guidance, liquid nitrogen is injected into the mass with a thin needle and the mass is frozen. The mass is then naturally absorbed by the body. Cryoablation is minimally invasive and carries less risk of complications.
After the surgery of fibroadenomas, it is possible for patients to return to their normal life in a short time. However, it is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations for complications that may occur after surgery, such as the risk of infection and bleeding.
Which Department and Doctor Should I Go to for Fibroadenoma Surgery?
Fibroadenomas are benign tumors that form in the breast tissue and are usually seen in young women. Fibroadenoma surgery involves the surgical removal of these tumors. It is important to have information about which department and doctor should be visited for fibroadenoma surgery.
For fibroadenoma surgery, a General Surgery specialist should be consulted first. General Surgery specialists are experienced in breast surgery and are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of fibroadenomas. In addition, doctors specializing in Breast Surgery may also be preferred for fibroadenoma surgery.
Firstly, according to the patient’s complaints and clinical examination results, the doctor may request advanced imaging methods such as ultrasonography, mammography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) if deemed necessary. If a fibroadenoma is diagnosed after these examinations, the doctor will offer the patient appropriate treatment options. If surgical intervention is decided, the patient’s operation process is planned.
Do Fibroadenomas Turn into Cancer?
Fibroadenomas are benign tumors and usually have a low risk of developing into cancer. However, in some cases, fibroadenomas may contain cancerous cells or be associated with cancer. In this case, fibroadenomas may be considered “cancer precursors”.
Some types of fibroadenomas, especially complex fibroadenomas, may increase the risk of breast cancer. Therefore, it is important that patients diagnosed with fibroadenomas are followed up regularly and referred for further investigations if necessary.
Although the risk of fibroadenomas developing into cancer is low, it is important to consult a doctor if any changes or symptoms are noticed. Early diagnosis and treatment increase the chances of success in the fight against breast cancer.
When are fibroadenomas treated?
Treatment of fibroadenomas varies depending on the patient’s condition and the characteristics of the tumor. Generally, fibroadenomas are treated in the following cases;
- If the tumor size is uncomfortable or growing rapidly,
- If the tumor has precancerous features or increases the risk of cancer,
- Fibroadenomas have a negative impact on the patient’s quality of life or cause cosmetic concerns,
- If the tumor has not been definitively diagnosed or if cancer is suspected,
Treatment options include surgery (lumpectomy), radiofrequency ablation or minimally invasive methods such as cryoablation. The doctor chooses the most appropriate treatment method according to the patient’s condition and the characteristics of the tumor and informs the patient.
In conclusion, fibroadenomas are benign tumors and usually have a low risk of developing into cancer. However, it is important to consult a doctor if any changes or symptoms are noticed. General Surgery or Breast Surgery specialists should be consulted for fibroadenoma surgery. The treatment process is determined according to the patient’s condition and the characteristics of the tumor.
Fibroadenoma Treatment Prices in Turkey
Türkiye has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. Fibroadenoma Treatment Prices in Turkey, we can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage. Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi