Congenital heart disease in children is a heart condition that can be detected soon after the baby is born or in the following months. Although the causes of these conditions vary, they are usually caused by abnormalities in the development of the heart. This prevents the heart from functioning normally and can harm children’s health. Congenital heart disease can be controlled with early diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we will give information about congenital heart diseases in children.
- What Are Congenital Heart Diseases in Children?
- What Are The Symptoms Of Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
- What Are The Causes Of Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
- How Do Heart Defects Develop?
- What Are The Types Of Heart Defects?
- What Are The Risk Factors for Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
- What Are The Complications Of Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
- How Are Congenital Heart Diseases Diagnosed in Children?
- How to Treat Congenital Heart Defects in Children?
- Pediatric Heart Disease Treatment Prices in Türkiye
What Are Congenital Heart Diseases in Children?
Congenital heart diseases in children are abnormalities that prevent the heart from functioning normally. These diseases can be caused by abnormalities in the structure of the heart. For example, the heart valves may develop differently from normal, or the heart chambers may be smaller or larger than normal. This prevents the heart from pumping blood normally and can harm children’s health.
What Are The Symptoms Of Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
Symptoms of congenital heart disease in children can vary depending on the type and severity of the disease. However, babies usually have symptoms such as breathing difficulties, rapid breathing, sweating, fatigue, feeding problems, and rapid heartbeat. These symptoms interfere with the baby’s normal development and can cause permanent damage if not treated in time.
What Are The Causes Of Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
The causes of congenital heart disease in children vary. Some diseases are caused by abnormalities in heart development, while others are due to genetic factors. Infections in the womb, maternal smoking, drinking alcohol, or taking medication can also cause congenital heart disease. Therefore, adopting a healthy lifestyle and having regular check-ups during pregnancy can help protect babies from congenital heart disease.
In conclusion, congenital heart disease in children is caused by abnormalities in heart development. Symptoms of these diseases, which can be controlled with early diagnosis and treatment, include breathing difficulties, fatigue, feeding problems, and rapid heartbeat. .
How Do Heart Defects Develop?
Heart defects are structural or functional disorders that prevent the heart from working correctly. These defects can prevent the heart from pumping properly and can cause serious health problems, such as heart failure. The development of heart defects depends on many factors.
Some heart defects occur in the prenatal period. In this case, defects occur because the heart does not develop or function correctly. This is usually the most common cause of heart defects.
Other heart defects can develop later. In this case, changes in the structure or function of the heart occur due to factors such as heart disease, heart attacks, or infections. These changes prevent the heart from working correctly and lead to heart defects.
Some heart defects can also develop due to genetic factors. In this case, heart defects are more common in families with a history of heart disease. Genetic factors can prevent the heart from developing correctly or cause defects in the structure or function of the heart.
What Are The Types Of Heart Defects?
There are many different types of heart defects. The type of these defects depends on which part of the heart they occur in and what kind of disturbance in the heart’s structure or function is present. Here are some common types of heart defects:
- Atrial septal defect: A hole forms at the top of the heart.
- Ventricular septal defect: A hole forms in the lower part of the heart.
- Patent ductus arteriosus: Blood flow is impaired due to a vessel that is left open during the prenatal period.
- Pulmonary stenosis: The pulmonary valve of the heart narrows and blood flow is impaired.
- Aortic stenosis: The aortic valve of the heart narrows and blood flow is impaired.
- Mitral regurgitation: The heart’s mitral valve leaks and blood flows back.
- Aortic regurgitation: The heart’s aortic valve leaks and blood flows back.
Each of these defects prevents the heart from working properly and can cause serious health problems, such as heart failure.
What Are The Risk Factors for Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
Congenital heart defects are heart defects that occur before birth or in the first few weeks after birth. The cause of these diseases is not known exactly, but some risk factors are known.
Some genetic disorders can cause congenital heart disease. Some genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome and Turner syndrome, can cause congenital heart defects to occur more frequently.
In addition, certain medications or infections taken by the mother during pregnancy can also cause congenital heart disease. Infections such as rubella, cytomegalovirus, and toxoplasmosis can make congenital heart disease more common.
Smoking, drinking alcohol, and poor eating habits are also risk factors for congenital heart disease. Therefore, healthy eating habits and avoiding smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy are important in preventing congenital heart disease.
Congenital heart disease can cause serious health problems such as heart failure if not treated properly. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart diseases in children are important.
What Are The Complications Of Congenital Heart Disease in Children?
Congenital heart diseases are conditions that occur due to problems in the development of the heart and vascular system of babies. These conditions may not be recognized immediately after birth, and in some babies, symptoms may not appear until years later. Congenital heart disease is associated with complications that can have serious effects on children’s health.
The most common complications of congenital heart disease in babies include breathing problems, malnutrition, failure to thrive, infections, and heart failure. If left untreated, these diseases can seriously affect children’s quality of life and can even be life-threatening.
One of the most common complications of congenital heart disease is pulmonary hypertension. In this condition, the blood vessels in the lungs narrow and the heart cannot supply enough oxygen to the body. This can lead to symptoms such as breathing problems, fatigue, sweating, and feeding problems.
Some congenital heart diseases can lead to serious complications that threaten children’s lives. For example, in babies with transposition arterioles, oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood mix incorrectly. In this case, babies need to be treated immediately to ensure their survival.
How Are Congenital Heart Diseases Diagnosed in Children?
Congenital heart disease can be recognized in babies soon after birth or after a few weeks. However, in some babies, symptoms may appear years later. Therefore, regular check-ups are very important for diagnosing congenital heart disease in children.
Congenital heart disease in babies can be diagnosed by physical examination and some tests. During the physical examination, the doctor checks the heart rhythm, pulse, breathing, and the color of the skin. Also, heart sounds are listened to in babies and any abnormalities in the heart are identified.
Other tests used to diagnose congenital heart disease include electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography (ECHO), X-rays, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). ECG measures the electrical activity of the heart, while ECHO allows the heart to be visualized with ultrasound waves. X-rays and MRIs help visualize the heart and lungs.
Congenital heart diseases are treatable when diagnosed early. Therefore, babies should be checked immediately after birth and at regular intervals.
How to Treat Congenital Heart Defects in Children?
Congenital heart defects are conditions that occur due to problems in the development of the heart and vascular system of babies. The treatment of these diseases depends on the type and severity of the disease and the age and general health of the child.
Some congenital heart diseases can be treated with medicines. For example, in babies with heart failure, medications such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and beta blockers may be used. These medicines increase the heart’s pumping power, ensuring enough oxygen is supplied to the body.
Some congenital heart diseases require surgical intervention. For example, in babies with ventricular septal defect (VSD), the wall between the right and left parts of the heart remains open, causing blood to flow in the wrong direction. In this case, surgery is performed to close the opening.
Some congenital heart diseases may require a heart transplant. In this case, another person’s heart is transplanted because the heart has completely lost its function.
When diagnosed early and treated appropriately, congenital heart defects allow children to live healthy lives. For this reason, babies should be checked regularly and the treatment process should be closely monitored.
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Pediatric Heart Disease Treatment Prices in Türkiye
Türkiye is among the countries that have made significant developments in heart diseases, as in many other diseases, and has achieved important treatments. Foreign citizens prefer to be treated in Türkiye due to the successful and expert doctors in the field and the well-performed treatments.
- Having specialized and talented doctors in the field,
- Nurses are specialized and successful in their field,
- Hospitals are large, fully equipped, clean, and spacious,
- Friendly and helpful staff, including the intermediary company taking care of the patient,
- The possibility of vacation in Türkiye,
- The fact that facilities such as treatment, diagnosis, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, vacation, and transportation are affordable can be shown among the reasons for preference.
Before coming to Türkiye for treatment, we can see that some foreign citizens want to learn about the prices of pediatric heart disease treatment in Türkiye. However, factors such as the treatment process, the diagnostic process, the process of staying in Türkiye, the stage of the disease, etc. cause changes in price. It would not be right to give clear price information at this stage. If you want to get detailed information about the treatment and a clear price, you can contact us.
In addition, if you come to Türkiye through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi