Colorectal cancers are an increasingly important type of cancer, affecting millions of people worldwide. This type of cancer is a disease that can start in the large intestine and rectum, spread rapidly and cause extremely serious health problems. Early diagnosis and successful control of colorectal cancers with the right treatment methods can significantly increase the quality and duration of life. In this article we have written for you, we will try to give information about what colorectal cancers are, their incidence, and their causes.
- What Are Colorectal Cancers?
- What Is The Prevalence of Colorectal Cancers?
- What Are The Causes of Colorectal Cancers?
- What Are The Risk Factors For Colorectal Cancer?
- What Are The Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer?
- What Are The Stages of Colorectal Cancer?
- How Are Colorectal Cancers Diagnosed?
- How Are Colorectal Cancers Treated?
- Colorectal Cancers Treatment Prices in Turkey
What Are Colorectal Cancers?
Colorectal cancer is cancer that occurs in the last parts of the digestive system called the large intestine (colon) and rectum (the part of the intestine close to the anus). Usually, this type of cancer starts with small, abnormal growths called benign polyps, which can develop into cancerous cells over time. Colorectal cancers can be treated and controlled when caught at an early stage and appropriate treatment is applied.
What Is The Prevalence of Colorectal Cancers?
Colorectal cancer is the third most common type of cancer worldwide and the fourth most common cause of death. Approximately 1.8 million new cases are diagnosed each year and more than 900,000 people die due to this disease. Colorectal cancer, which is more common in developed countries, is becoming increasingly common due to the increase in the elderly population and the effect of lifestyle factors.
What Are The Causes of Colorectal Cancers?
Although the exact cause of colorectal cancers is not known, it is thought to be associated with some risk factors. These risk factors are as follows;
- Genetic factors,
- Dietary habits,
- Lack of physical activity,
- Smoking and alcohol use,
- Inflammatory bowel diseases,
Regular health checks and lifestyle changes are important for the prevention and early diagnosis of colorectal cancer. In this way, it may be possible to catch the disease at an early stage and treat it successfully.
What Are The Risk Factors For Colorectal Cancer?
Colorectal cancer is a malignant tumor that occurs in the large intestine and rectum. Colorectal cancer, one of the most common types of cancer worldwide, can be controlled with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment methods. Colorectal cancer risk factors are as follows;
The risk of colorectal cancer increases in individuals aged 50 and over. Therefore, it is important to have regular screening tests starting from the age of 50.
Individuals with a family history of colorectal cancer have a higher risk. It is recommended that people whose relatives have this type of cancer inform their doctors and start screening tests at an earlier age.
Some genetic syndromes increase the risk of colorectal cancer. For example, inherited conditions such as Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) predispose to this type of cancer.
High fat and red meat consumption, low fiber diet, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and alcohol use increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
Individuals with type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of colorectal cancer.
Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, especially Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer risk is higher in obese individuals.
What Are The Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer?
Colorectal cancer symptoms may not be noticed in the early stages of the disease. However, the following symptoms can be seen in later stages;
- Diarrhea, constipation, or constant change in defecation habits.
- Bright red or black blood in the stool.
- Cramps, gas, or pain in the abdomen.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Constant feeling of tiredness and lack of energy.
- Bleeding caused by colorectal cancer can lead to iron deficiency anemia.
What Are The Stages of Colorectal Cancer?
Colorectal cancer stages are used to determine how far the disease has spread and treatment options. The stages are as follows;
Stage 0; Cancer is found only in the inner layer of the intestinal wall.
Stage 1; Cancer has spread to deeper layers of the intestinal wall, but has not spread to lymph nodes or other organs.
Stage 2; cancer has completely crossed the intestinal wall and spread to the surrounding tissues, but the lymph nodes and other organs are not affected.
Stage 3; cancer has spread beyond the intestinal wall to nearby lymph nodes.
Stage 4; Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and other organs (such as the liver, lung, peritoneum, or bone).
Colorectal cancer stages play an important role in determining the prognosis and treatment options. Cancers diagnosed in early stages can be controlled more successfully with appropriate treatment and patients’ life expectancy and quality of life can be increased.
How Are Colorectal Cancers Diagnosed?
Colorectal cancers are malignant tumors that start in the large intestine and rectum. This type of cancer, which has a high chance of cure when diagnosed early, is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. There are several methods used for the diagnosis of colorectal cancers. These methods are as follows;
The doctor will evaluate the patient’s symptoms and medical history and question whether there is a family history of cancer. He will then examine the patient’s abdomen and rectal area.
These tests, called fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and fecal immunochemical test (FIT), are used to check for the presence of blood in the stool. These tests play an important role in the early diagnosis of colorectal cancers.
Colonoscopy is the most effective method used to examine the lining of the large intestine and rectum. During this procedure, the doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube (colonoscope) through the anus into the large intestine and visualizes the inside of the intestine. If any abnormal structures (polyps, tumors) are detected during a colonoscopy, the doctor can remove these structures and take a sample for biopsy.
A biopsy is the examination of tissue samples under a microscope to confirm the presence of cancer cells. The samples taken during colonoscopy are evaluated in the pathology laboratory and the presence of cancer cells is decided.
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), These imaging modalities are used in staging and determining the spread of colorectal cancers. They also play an important role in preoperative and postoperative treatment planning.
How Are Colorectal Cancers Treated?
Treatment of colorectal cancers varies depending on the general health status of the patient, stage and spread of the cancer. The main methods of treatment are;
Surgery is the most commonly used method in the treatment of colorectal cancers. It is performed by removing the cancerous tissue and the surrounding healthy tissue. Minimally invasive methods such as laparoscopic and robotic surgery allow patients to recover faster.
This treatment method, which aims to kill cancer cells using radiation, is usually used before or after surgery. Radiotherapy can stop the progression of cancer and relieve symptoms.
This method, which is based on the use of drugs to inhibit the growth and proliferation of cancer cells, can be applied before or after surgery or in combination with radiotherapy. Chemotherapy helps prevent the cancer from spreading and reduces the risk of recurrence.
Targeted therapies These therapies work by targeting specific features of cancer cells. Targeted therapies for colorectal cancer act on proteins and receptors that inhibit tumour growth and spread.
Immunotherapy aims to destroy cancer cells using the body’s immune system. Immunotherapies used in colorectal cancer make the immune system more effective against cancer cells.
There are various methods for the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancers. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment improves the quality of life of patients and prolongs their survival. Therefore, it is important for individuals with risk factors to have regular checks and screenings.
Colorectal Cancers Treatment Prices in Turkey
Turkey has managed to announce its name to the world with its investments and studies in the field of health. Especially the latest technological devices used in diagnosis and treatment procedures have been a beacon of hope for many diseases. However, there has been an increase in health tourism in Türkiye.
- Hospitals are large, clean, spacious and fully equipped in terms of technological equipment.
- Turkish doctors are specialized, successful, and skilled in their fields.
- Nurses and carers are friendly and compassionate.
- Finding answers to the questions asked quickly and accurately.
- Patience and understanding of all staff, including the intermediary company dealing with the patient.
- Turkey offers holiday opportunities with its natural and historical beauties.
- Easy transportation.
- Diagnosis, treatment, accommodation, eating, drinking, dressing, and holiday needs can be met at affordable prices.
Such situations are shown among the reasons for preference. We can see that patients and relatives of patients who want to come to Turkey are doing research on Colorectal Cancer Treatment Prices in Turkey. However, it would not be right to give clear price information at this stage.Türkiye’de Klinefelter Sendromu Tedavi Fiyatları Many factors such as the type of disease, stage, diagnosis process, treatment process, and stay in Türkiye affect the price issue. If you want to get more detailed price information, you can contact us. In addition, if you come to Turkey for treatment through us, we can facilitate your visa application process with the invitation letter sent by us to the consulate.
Prof.Dr. Ergün Dağlıoğlu (Eğitim Görevlisi), Beyin Cerrahı, Beyin Ve Sinir Cerrahisi
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